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Journal of Learning…3225
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Ackerman, Peggy T.; And Others – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1990
Eighty-two elementary school children with attention deficit disorder (ADD) and dyslexia made more errors than 83 normally reading children with ADD on a test of rhyme and alliteration. A subgroup of dyslexic children who were sensitive to rhyme and alliteration scored higher than other dyslexic children on a test of spatial ability. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Auditory Perception, Dyslexia, Elementary Education
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Simmons, Deborah C.; Kameenui, Edward J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1990
The study found that, compared to normally achieving students, 24 students (age 10 and 12) with learning disabilities were less able in vocabulary production tasks and comparable in ability to use pictorial responses to demonstrate vocabulary knowledge. When equated in reading achievement, learning-disabled 10 year olds were poorer in composite…
Descriptors: Expressive Language, Intermediate Grades, Knowledge Level, Learning Disabilities
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Bender, William N.; Smith, Jeffrey K. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1990
Meta-analysis on 25 studies found that both methodologically strong and weak studies demonstrated significant behavioral deficits of children with learning disabilities in 5 areas: on-task behavior, off-task behavior, conduct disorders, distractibility, and shy/withdrawn behavior. Effect sizes clustered around 1 standard deviation. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Attention Control, Behavior Problems, Elementary Secondary Education, Incidence
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Faas, Larry A.; D'Alonzo, Bruno J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1990
Eighty-six adults (mean age 26 years) with learning disabilities were evaluated clinically using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R). Significant relationships were identified between subjects' WAIS-R intelligence quotients and scaled scores and job success. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Adults, Employment Experience, Intelligence, Learning Disabilities
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Rothenberg, Julia Johnson – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1990
Subjects at risk for specific learning disabilities were assessed on standardized measures throughout elementary and middle school, following an intervention based on task analysis of kindergarten curricula and team teaching. All results were significant for the treatment group in relation to an at-risk cohort. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Early Intervention, Elementary Education, Followup Studies
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Houck, Cherry K.; And Others – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1990
Perceptions of secondary learning disability (LD) program supervisors (N=110) were compared with views of secondary LD teachers (N=135) regarding specific program features, field-related issues, and suggestions for program improvement. Responses indicated that the supervisors were more positive and often held significantly different views than LD…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Differences, Educational Practices, Learning Disabilities
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Welch, Marshall – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1989
It can be argued that the Regular Education Initiative is merely an extension of the mainstreaming movement rather than a call for innovative reform. Before any reform is introduced, educators must take into account the culture of the school and the process of change to maximize the potential for success. (MSE)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Disabilities, Educational Change, Educational Environment
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Wallace, Ginger W.; Bott, Deborah A. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1989
Four eighth-grade students with learning disabilities were taught paragraph-writing skills using a metacognitive text structure strategy, which included an outline as a paragraph planning guide. Results suggest that when provided with such direct, intensive instruction, these students can improve their paragraph writing. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Grade 8, Learning Disabilities, Metacognition
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DeFries, J. C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1989
A study applied the polygenic threshold model to previously reported differences in gender ratios among children with reading disabilities and close family members with similar disabilities. The results were found to be predictable with the model. (MSE)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Heredity, Models, Parents
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Brier, Norman – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1989
Data on the relatively high prevalence of learning disabilities among populations of delinquents are presented, and three explanatory hypotheses are examined in the context of the research literature: the susceptibility hypothesis, the school failure hypothesis, and the differential treatment hypothesis. A multifactorial explanation is offered.…
Descriptors: Delinquency, Delinquency Causes, Elementary Secondary Education, Incidence
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; And Others – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1989
A study assessed the effects of assigned versus self-selected goals and contingent versus non-contingent gameplay conditions delivered during computer-assisted math computation drill-and-practice sessions. Subjects were 20 high-school students with learning disabilities. Self-selected goals were more effective; no differences existed between…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Computation, Computer Assisted Instruction, Contingency Management
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Houck, Cherry K.; Billingsley, Bonnie S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1989
A study compared the writing productivity, syntactic maturity, vocabulary, and mechanics of 48 learning-disabled and 48 normally achieving students in grades 4, 8, and 11. Learning-disabled students' written products were shorter, contained fewer sentences with more words per sentence, included fewer long words, and had more spelling and…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade 11, Grade 4
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Hynd, George W.; And Others – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1989
A study compared the reaction time and efficiency of cognitive processing on a speeded classification task, involving 43 children with attention deficit disorder/hyperactivity, 22 children with attention deficit disorder without hyperactivity, and 16 controls, aged 6-13. It was found that the children's diagnoses could not be distinguished on…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Hyperactivity
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Brown, Ronald T.; Pacini, Joseph N. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1989
A study found that parents of 51 boys (aged 5-13) with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity perceived their family environment as less supportive and more stressful than control groups, with lower levels of interpersonal relationships, more depression, and higher separation/divorce rates. Differences were found in mothers' and fathers'…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Depression (Psychology), Family Environment, Family Relationship
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Christopher, James D.; And Others – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1989
Psychoeducational assessment variables for 119 referred high-school students were subjected to discriminant function analysis. Variables predictive of learning-disability classification were spelling, intelligence quotient, and the interview question, "Do you think going into a special class/program would help you?." (MSE)
Descriptors: Classification, Educational Diagnosis, High Schools, Intelligence Quotient
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