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Huttenlocher, Janellen; Vasilyeva, Marina; Waterfall, Heidi R.; Vevea, Jack L.; Hedges, Larry V. – Developmental Psychology, 2007
This article examines caregiver speech to young children. The authors obtained several measures of the speech used to children during early language development (14-30 months). For all measures, they found substantial variation across individuals and subgroups. Speech patterns vary with caregiver education, and the differences are maintained over…
Descriptors: Caregivers, Speech, Toddlers, Language Acquisition
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Banerjee, Robin; Yuill, Nicola; Larson, Christina; Easton, Kate; Robinson, Elizabeth; Rowley, Martin – Developmental Psychology, 2007
Two experiments investigated children's implicit and explicit differentiation between beliefs about matters of fact and matters of opinion. In Experiment 1, 8- to 9-year-olds' (n = 88) explicit understanding of the subjectivity of opinions was found to be limited, but their conformity to others' judgments on a matter of opinion was considerably…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Opinions, Anthropology, Adolescents
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Graham, Susan A.; Kilbreath, Cari S. – Developmental Psychology, 2007
The role of words and gestures in guiding infants' inductive inferences about nonobvious properties was examined. One hundred seventy-two 14-month-olds and 22-month-olds were presented with novel target objects followed by test objects that varied in similarity to the target. Objects were introduced with a novel word or a novel gesture or with no…
Descriptors: Inferences, Infants, Logical Thinking, Nonverbal Communication
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Schulz, Laura E.; Bonawitz, Elizabeth Baraff; Griffiths, Thomas L. – Developmental Psychology, 2007
Causal learning requires integrating constraints provided by domain-specific theories with domain-general statistical learning. In order to investigate the interaction between these factors, the authors presented preschoolers with stories pitting their existing theories against statistical evidence. Each child heard 2 stories in which 2 candidate…
Descriptors: Inferences, Young Children, Bayesian Statistics, Story Telling
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Burchinal, Margaret R.; Clarke-Stewart, K. Alison – Developmental Psychology, 2007
J. Brooks-Gunn, W. J. Han, and J. Waldfogel (2002) and the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Early Child Care Research Network (ECCRN; 2000b) came to different conclusions about the effects of maternal employment--although they were addressing similar questions using the same data set. Brooks-Gunn et al. concluded that…
Descriptors: Employment, Data Analysis, Child Health, Testing
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Spinrad, Tracy L.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Gaertner, Bridget; Popp, Tierney; Smith, Cynthia L.; Kupfer, Anne; Greving, Karissa; Liew, Jeffrey; Hofer, Claire – Developmental Psychology, 2007
The authors examined the relations of maternal supportive parenting to effortful control and internalizing problems (i.e., separation distress, inhibition to novelty), externalizing problems, and social competence when toddlers were 18 months old (n = 256) and a year later (n = 230). Mothers completed the Coping With Toddlers' Negative Emotions…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Interpersonal Competence, Child Rearing, Parent Child Relationship
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Eiden, Rina D.; Edwards, Ellen P.; Leonard, Kenneth E. – Developmental Psychology, 2007
The purpose of this study was to test a conceptual model predicting children's externalizing behavior problems in kindergarten in a sample of children with alcoholic (n = 130) and nonalcoholic (n = 97) parents. The model examined the role of parents' alcohol diagnoses, depression, and antisocial behavior at 12-18 months of child age in predicting…
Descriptors: Role, Kindergarten, Child Rearing, Structural Equation Models
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Pasquini, Elisabeth S.; Corriveau, Kathleen H.; Koenig, Melissa; Harris, Paul L. – Developmental Psychology, 2007
In 2 studies, the sensitivity of 3- and 4-year-olds to the previous accuracy of informants was assessed. Children viewed films in which 2 informants labeled familiar objects with differential accuracy (across the 2 experiments, children were exposed to the following rates of accuracy by the more and less accurate informants, respectively: 100% vs.…
Descriptors: Films, Computation, Preschool Children, Experiments
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Campbell, Susan B.; Matestic, Patricia; von Stauffenberg, Camilla; Mohan, Roli; Kirchner, Thomas – Developmental Psychology, 2007
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, the authors modeled trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms from infant age 1 month to 7 years. The authors identified 6 trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms: high-chronic, moderate-increasing, high-decreasing,…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Child Health, Depression (Psychology), Mothers
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Gelman, Susan A.; Raman, Lakshmi – Developmental Psychology, 2007
Generic noun phrases ("Birds lay eggs") are important for expressing knowledge about abstract kinds. The authors hypothesized that genericity would be part of gist memory, such that young children would appropriately recall whether sentences were presented as generic or specific. In 4 experiments, preschoolers and college students (N = 280) heard…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Sentences, Long Term Memory, Nouns
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Frings, Christian; Feix, Silke; Rothig, Ulrike; Bruser, Charlotte; Junge, Miriam – Developmental Psychology, 2007
Reactions to stimuli that were shortly before presented as distractors are usually slowed down; this phenomenon is known as negative priming. Negative priming is an accepted index for tapping into selective control mechanisms. Although this effect is well established for adults, it has been claimed that children do not show negative priming.…
Descriptors: Young Children, Attention Control, Cognitive Processes, Stimuli
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Curtindale, Lori; Laurie-Rose, Cynthia; Bennett-Murphy, Laura; Hull, Sarah – Developmental Psychology, 2007
Applying optimal stimulation theory, the present study explored the development of sustained attention as a dynamic process. It examined the interaction of modality and temperament over time in children and adults. Second-grade children and college-aged adults performed auditory and visual vigilance tasks. Using the Carey temperament…
Descriptors: Adults, Stimulation, Children, Attention Span
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Granqvist, Pehr; Ivarsson, Tord; Broberg, Anders G.; Hagekull, Berit – Developmental Psychology, 2007
This study was the first to examine relations between attachment and religion-spirituality in adults using a developmentally validated attachment assessment, the Adult Attachment Interview. Security of attachment was expected to be linked to a religiosity-spirituality that is socially based on the parental relationships and reflects extrapolation…
Descriptors: Security (Psychology), Religious Factors, Parent Child Relationship, Attachment Behavior
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Hsueh, JoAnn; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu – Developmental Psychology, 2007
Longitudinal data from the New Hope Project--an experimental evaluation of a work-based antipoverty program in Milwaukee, Wisconsin--was used to explore concurrent and lagged associations of nonstandard schedules and variable shifts with parental psychological well-being, regularity of family mealtimes, and child well-being among low-income…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Behavior Problems, Low Income, Low Income Groups
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Hau, K. T.; Sung, R. Y. T.; Yu, C. W. – Developmental Psychology, 2007
Childhood obesity is increasingly prevalent in Western and non-Western societies. The authors related multiple dimensions of physical self-concept to body composition for 763 Chinese children aged 8 to 15 and compared the results with Western research. Compared with Western research, gender differences favoring boys were generally much smaller for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Social Values, Cultural Differences, Obesity
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