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Smith, Jonathan F.; Skrbiš, Zlatko – British Educational Research Journal, 2017
Meritocratic ideals, which emphasise individual responsibility and self-motivation, have featured prominently in discourses about Australia's international competitiveness in academic achievement. Young people are often encouraged to attribute academic success and failure to individual factors such as hard work and talent, and to downplay…
Descriptors: Social Differences, Competition, Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement