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Archer, Louise; Francis, Becky; Miller, Sarah; Taylor, Becky; Tereshchenko, Antonina; Mazenod, Anna; Pepper, David; Travers, Mary-Claire – British Educational Research Journal, 2018
"Setting" is a widespread practice in the UK, despite little evidence of its efficacy and substantial evidence of its detrimental impact on those allocated to the lowest sets. Taking a Bourdieusian approach, we propose that setting can be understood as a practice through which the social and cultural reproduction of dominant power…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Educational Environment, Mixed Methods Research
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Smith, Jonathan F.; Skrbiš, Zlatko – British Educational Research Journal, 2017
Meritocratic ideals, which emphasise individual responsibility and self-motivation, have featured prominently in discourses about Australia's international competitiveness in academic achievement. Young people are often encouraged to attribute academic success and failure to individual factors such as hard work and talent, and to downplay…
Descriptors: Social Differences, Competition, Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement