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Chen, Jason I.; Bozzay, Melanie L.; Monahan, Maureen F.; Gryglewicz, Kim; Romero, Gabriela; Steding, Lindsey H.; Gleason, LaDonna L.; Karver, Marc S. – Journal of American College Health, 2019
Objective: This study evaluated the mental health characteristics and beliefs of student service members/veterans (SSM/Vs) who have been exposed to another's death by suicide. Participants: A total of 39 SSM/Vs exposed to suicide and 32 SSM/Vs not exposed to suicide were sampled from a larger, epidemiological survey. An age- and gender-matched…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Suicide, Comparative Analysis, Mental Health
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Wang, JunLi – Journal of American College Health, 2019
Objective: The constant deterioration of the physical fitness of college students has been a popular topic in China, thus this research analyzes the potential health risk of inadequate physical activity among college students. Participants/methods: During the national student fitness test (NSFT) in 2012, 1500 students from Tsinghua University were…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, College Students, Risk, Physical Activity Level
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Valentine, Arthur A.; Schumacher, Julie Raeder; Murphy, Jan; Ma, Yoon Jin – Journal of American College Health, 2018
Objective: To identify the prevalence of dietary supplement (DS) use, perceptions of DS efficacy, and lifestyle behaviors of DS users and non-users. Participants: Undergraduate students, student-athletes, and ROTC cadets at a Midwestern University between September 2014 and January 2015. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was administered.…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Athletes, Case Studies, Online Surveys
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Currier, Joseph M.; McDermott, Ryon C.; Sims, Brook M. – Journal of American College Health, 2018
Objectives: Examine differences in mental health treatment-related stigma in student service members and veterans (SSM/Vs) and peers from 57 post-secondary institutions across the United States. Methods: In total, 909 SSM/Vs and 1818 demographically- and institutionally-matched non-SSM/Vs completed assessments of stigma-related barriers to mental…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Social Bias, Mental Health, Veterans
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Massengale, Kelley E. C.; Ma, Alice; Rulison, Kelly L.; Milroy, Jeffrey J.; Wyrick, David L. – Journal of American College Health, 2017
Objective: To describe first-year college student-athletes' friendship contexts and test whether their perceptions of alcohol use and approval by different types of friends are associated with their own alcohol use. Participants: First-year student-athletes (N = 2,622) from 47 colleges and universities participating in National Collegiate Athletic…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, College Athletics, Athletes, Student Attitudes
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Leavens, Eleanor L.; Leffingwell, Thad R.; Miller, Mary Beth; Brett, Emma I.; Lombardi, Nathaniel – Journal of American College Health, 2017
Objective: Research suggests college students rate some alcohol-related consequences less negatively than others, yet it is unclear how or when these differences in perception develop. The current study compared college students' subjective evaluations of alcohol-related consequences that they had and had not experienced in order to test the…
Descriptors: College Students, Drinking, Comparative Analysis, Online Surveys
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Cheney, Marshall K.; Maness, Sarah; Huber, J. Kathleen; Burt, Taylor; Eggleston, Landon; Naberhaus, Bryce; Nichols, Brooklyn – Journal of American College Health, 2017
Objective: To understand how the Greek system uniquely influences smoking attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among college students who belong to a social sorority or fraternity. Participants: Active members of sororities (n = 16) and fraternities (n = 17) were interviewed between February 2013 and October 2015. Methods: In-depth interviews were…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Organizations, Sororities, Fraternities
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Van Damme, Joris; Hublet, Anne; De Clercq, Bart; Kuntsche, Emmanuel; Maes, Lea; Clays, Els – Journal of American College Health, 2017
Objective: Drinking alcohol during the exams can affect academic performance and future career options, but is rarely investigated. Drinking motives, sociodemographics and personality characteristics are investigated in nonabstainers and weekly drinkers during the exams. Participants: 7,181 Belgian university students who anonymously responded to…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, College Students, Drinking, Tests
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Chang, Edward C.; Yu, Tina; Chang, Olivia D.; Jilani, Zunaira – Journal of American College Health, 2016
Objectives: The present study examined perfectionism (viz, evaluative concerns and personal standards) and ethnicity as predictors of body dissatisfaction in female college students. Participants: Participants were 298 female college students sampled by December of 2013. Methods: A self-report survey with measures of body dissatisfaction,…
Descriptors: College Students, Females, Predictor Variables, Asian American Students
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Martinez, Sarah; Davalos, Deana – Journal of American College Health, 2016
Objective: Executive dysfunction in college students who have had an acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) was investigated. The cognitive, behavioral, and metacognitive effects on college students who endorsed experiencing a brain injury were specifically explored. Participants: Participants were 121 college students who endorsed a mild TBI, and 121…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Brain, College Students, Injuries
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Ashrafioun, Lisham; Bonar, Erin; Conner, Kenneth R. – Journal of American College Health, 2016
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine whether positive health attitudes are associated with suicidal ideation among university students after accounting for other health risk factors linked to suicidal ideation. Participants: Participants were 690 undergraduates from a large midwestern university during fall semester 2011. Methods:…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Undergraduate Students, Health, Suicide
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Jones, Kayla; Mendenhall, Sarah; Myers, Charlsie A. – Journal of American College Health, 2016
Objective: This study examined differences in perceived stress and coping strategies based on gender role identity (GRI) and sex among traditional and nontraditional college students. Participants and Methods: Online surveys that assessed demographic information, GRI, and perceived stress were completed between October 2013 and March 2014 by 197…
Descriptors: Nontraditional Students, Coping, Stress Variables, Sex Role
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Noland, Melody; Ickes, Melinda J.; Rayens, Mary Kay; Butler, Karen; Wiggins, Amanda T.; Hahn, Ellen J. – Journal of American College Health, 2016
Objectives: (1) Compare social norms and perceived peer use between college student cigarette, e-cigarette, and/or hookah users and nonusers; and (2) determine variables associated with social influences. Participants: Undergraduate students attending a large university in the Southeast United States (N = 511). Methods: An April 2013 online survey…
Descriptors: Social Influences, Smoking, Behavior Standards, Social Behavior
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Cadigan, Jennifer M.; Dworkin, Emily R.; Ramirez, Jason J.; Lee, Christine M. – Journal of American College Health, 2019
Objective: The objective of this study was to understand substance use patterns of alcohol, marijuana, and simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use among 2- and 4-year college students. Participants: Participants were 526 young adults aged 18-23 (n = 355 4-year students; n = 171 2-year students) recruited from February 2015 to January 2016 who…
Descriptors: College Students, Two Year College Students, Screening Tests, Prevention
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Lee, Youn Ok; Bahreinifar, Sareh; Ling, Pamela M. – Journal of American College Health, 2014
Objective: To examine differences in tobacco-related attitudes and hookah and cigarette use among college and noncollege young adults. Participants: Time-location samples of young adult bar patrons in San Diego, California ("N" = 2,243), Tulsa ("N" = 2,095) and Oklahoma City ("N" = 2,200), Oklahoma, Albuquerque…
Descriptors: Smoking, Health Behavior, College Students, Student Attitudes
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