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Akiba, Motoko – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2008
Ensuring a safe learning environment for students is a major responsibility of educators and policymakers around the world. Based on the secondary analyses of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) data collected from 33 countries in 1999, the study found that 8th graders who witnessed their friends' violence…
Descriptors: Violence, Student Attitudes, Grade 8, Comparative Analysis
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Torney-Purta, Judith; Barber, Carolyn H.; Wilkenfeld, Britt – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2007
Many studies have reported gaps between Latino and non-Latino adolescents in academic and political outcomes. The current study presents possible explanations for such gaps, both at the individual and school level. Hierarchical linear modeling is employed to examine data from 2,811 American ninth graders (approximately 14 years of age) who had…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Grade 9, Classroom Environment, Adolescents