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Bernaus, Merce; Moore, Emilee; Azevedo, Adriana Cordeiro – Modern Language Journal, 2007
This study explored the affective factors influencing students' learning of Catalan across different year levels in a multilingual school community in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain). Questionnaires were distributed to 176 students, from 12 to 17 years of age, registered in a public secondary school, the majority of whom were not born in Catalonia.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Multilingualism, Affective Measures, Official Languages
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Bernaus, Merce; Masgoret, Anne-Marie; Gardner, Robert C.; Reyes, Edith – International Journal of Multilingualism, 2004
This study investigated the effect of the cultural background of immigrant children on affective variables in learning three different languages. Participants were students in secondary multicultural classrooms in Spain. A total of 114 students, aged 12 to 16, answered a questionnaire based on Gardner's Attitude = Motivation Test Battery assessing…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Student Motivation, Factor Analysis, Foreign Countries