ERIC Number: EJ1033648
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
An Investigation of Same- versus Cross-Gender Matching for Boys in Formal School-Based Mentoring Programs
Kanchewa, Stella S.; Rhodes, Jean E.; Schwartz, Sarah E. O.; Olsho, Lauren E. W.
Applied Developmental Science, v18 n1 p31-45 2014
Although assigned mentoring relationships have typically involved same-gender matches, a growing number of programs, particularly those in schools, have begun pairing female mentors with male mentees. This practice stems, in large part, from the relative dearth of male mentors and programs' efforts to increase the availability of youth mentoring to young males on waiting lists. We drew on secondary data from the two largest random assignment evaluations of school-based mentoring programs, the Department of Education's Student Mentoring Program and Big Brothers Big Sisters of America's School-based Mentoring, to explore the characteristics and effects of same- versus cross-gender mentoring relationships for male mentees. Our sample included 1,513 male youth from the respective programs. With only a few exceptions, male youth in same- versus cross-gender mentoring relationships experienced similar relationship processes and outcomes. Implications for research and practice are discussed along with limitations including the nonexperimental design of the study and unmeasured effects of selection bias.
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Gender Issues, Mentors, Males, Youth Programs, Interpersonal Relationship, Surveys, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Comparative Analysis, Student Attitudes, Grades (Scholastic), Correlation, Individual Characteristics, Student Behavior, Prosocial Behavior, Antisocial Behavior, Truancy, Academic Aspiration, Parent Child Relationship, Regression (Statistics), Program Effectiveness, Age Differences
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Intermediate Grades; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment; National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health; Self Perception Profile for Adolescents; Self Perception Profile for Children