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Markovits, Zvia; Forgasz, Helen – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2017
The aim of this study was to explore the beliefs of elementary school students about mathematics and about themselves as mathematics learners. The participants, Israeli grade 4 and grade 6 students, completed questionnaires. Using an "animal metaphor" to tap beliefs, some students perceived mathematics as difficult and complicated, while…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Instruction
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Khishfe, Rola; BouJaoude, Saouma – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2016
Students' attitudes and conceptions seem to be influenced by social/cultural contexts and interactions with other students from diverse backgrounds. Therefore, educators need to study attitudes, conceptions, and career choices in relation to diversity indicators. Such was one focus of the Science Education for Diversity project, which involved…
Descriptors: International Cooperation, Student Attitudes, Attitude Measures, Career Choice
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MacEvoy, Julie Paquette; Papadakis, Alison A.; Fedigan, Shea K.; Ash, Sarah E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
Although relationship expectations are thought to influence all social interactions, little is known about the function of children's friendship expectations. This study examined the associations among children's friendship expectations and their behavior within their friendships, their friendship adjustment, and their socioemotional functioning.…
Descriptors: Friendship, Peer Relationship, Expectation, Child Behavior
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Short-Meyerson, Katherine; Sandrin, Susannah; Edwards, Chris – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2016
Gender is a critical social factor influencing how children view the world from very early childhood. Additionally, during the early elementary years, parents can have a significant influence on their child's behaviors and dispositions in fields such as science. This study examined the influence of parent gender and child gender on 2nd- and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Problem Solving, Science Instruction, Grade 2
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Fedewa, Alicia L.; Toland, Michael D.; Usher, Ellen L.; Li, Caihong R. – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2016
Objective: Increased action is needed to combat the growing epidemic of pediatric obesity. It is imperative that researchers investigate psychological and demographic variables that may be associated with pediatric obesity in order to formulate and implement more appropriate and effective interventions. The present study examined the univariate…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes, Health Behavior, Beliefs
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Skinner, Ellen A.; Pitzer, Jennifer R.; Steele, Joel S. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
How children and youth deal with academic challenges and setbacks can make a material difference to their learning and school success. Hence, it is important to investigate the factors that allow students to cope constructively. A process model focused on students' motivational resources was used to frame a study examining whether engagement in…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Academic Persistence, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Rosén, Monica; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
Research on effects of home computer use on children's development of cognitive abilities and skills has yielded conflicting results, with some studies showing positive effects, others no effects, and yet others negative effects. These studies have typically used non-experimental designs and one of the main reasons for the conflicting results is…
Descriptors: Measurement, International Assessment, Grade 4, Longitudinal Studies
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Berg, Juliette K.; Aber, J. Lawrence – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Increasing attention is being given to the role of a positive school interpersonal climate in children's school functioning and social-emotional development. Children's perceptions are commonly used to measure the interpersonal school climate, but the individual and contextual characteristics that contribute to variation in children's perceptions…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Educational Environment, Interpersonal Relationship, Child Development
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Tate, Eleanor B.; Unger, Jennifer B.; Chou, Chih-Ping; Spruijt-Metz, Donna; Pentz, Mary Ann; Riggs, Nathaniel R. – Health Education & Behavior, 2015
Objective: This study tested the relationships among child executive function (EF), child-perceived parent fast food intake, and child self-reported subsequent consumption of high-calorie, low-nutrient (HCLN) food. Design: One year and 6-month longitudinal observation from a larger randomized controlled trial. Setting. Southern California…
Descriptors: Children, Executive Function, Parent Influence, Eating Habits
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Ettekal, Idean; Ladd, Gary W. – Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study examined the associations between children's co-occurring relational and physical aggression trajectories and their peer relations (i.e., peer rejection, peer acceptance, and reciprocated friendships) from late childhood (Grade 4; M[subscript age] = 10.0) to early adolescence (Grade 8; M[subscript age] = 13.9). Using a sample of 477…
Descriptors: Aggression, Peer Relationship, Peer Acceptance, Rejection (Psychology)