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ERIC Number: EJ1126665
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Elementary School Students' Health-Related Self-Beliefs
Fedewa, Alicia L.; Toland, Michael D.; Usher, Ellen L.; Li, Caihong R.
International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, v9 n1 p151-166 Sep 2016
Objective: Increased action is needed to combat the growing epidemic of pediatric obesity. It is imperative that researchers investigate psychological and demographic variables that may be associated with pediatric obesity in order to formulate and implement more appropriate and effective interventions. The present study examined the univariate and multivariate relationships between child physical and psychological characteristics in a diverse sample of elementary students. Methods: Questionnaires were collected from 109 students (63 girls, 46 boys; Mean age= 9.25 years) in grades 3-5 from two elementary schools in the Southeastern United States. Explanatory variables were gender, ethnicity, grade level, and body mass index; outcomes examined were self-reported life satisfaction, physical self-concept, social self-concept, general self-concept, eating self-efficacy, and exercise self-efficacy scores. Univariate and multivariate statistics were used. Results: Correlations showed children with higher physical self-concept, social self-concept, general self-concept, and eating self-efficacy tend to have higher life satisfaction. Regressions revealed that African American students had a higher physical self-concept than both White and Hispanic students and older students had a higher perceived social self-concept than younger students. Multivariate regression results showed that the explanatory influence of gender, ethnicity, and grade level varied across outcome variables. Conclusions: The strongest explanatory variables of children's perceived life satisfaction, self-concept and self-efficacy were children's characteristics (age, gender, and race). Interestingly, children's psychological functioning was not found to be in direct relationship with their weight classification and children's body mass index was not significantly related to most outcome variables.
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes, Health Behavior, Beliefs, Self Concept, Physical Health, Mental Health, Questionnaires, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Gender Differences, Ethnic Groups, Racial Differences, Age Differences, Body Composition, Life Satisfaction, Eating Habits, Exercise, Correlation, Self Concept Measures, Multiple Regression Analysis, Multivariate Analysis
International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education. T&K Akademic Rosendalsvein 45, Oslo 1166, Norway. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.iejee.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Self Description Questionnaire