ERIC Number: EJ1219711
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Beyond Tracking and Detracking: The Dimensions of Organizational Differentiation in Schools
Domina, Thurston; McEachin, Andrew; Hanselman, Paul; Agarwal, Priyanka; Hwang, NaYoung; Lewis, Ryan W.
Sociology of Education, v92 n3 p293-322 Jul 2019
Schools use an array of strategies to match curricula and instruction to students' heterogeneous skills. Although generations of scholars have debated ''tracking'' and its consequences, the literature fails to account for diversity of school-level sorting practices. In this article, we draw on the work of Sørensen and others to articulate and develop empirical measures of five distinct dimensions of within-school cross-classroom tracking systems: (1) the degree of curricular differentiation, (2) the extent to which sorting practices generate skills-homogeneous classrooms, (3) the rate at which students enroll in advanced courses, (4) the extent to which students move between tracks over time, and (5) the relationship between track assignments across subject areas. Analyses of longitudinal administrative data following approximately 20,000 eighth graders enrolled in 23 middle schools through the 10th grade indicate that these dimensions of tracking are empirically separable and have divergent relationships with student achievement and the production of inequality.
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Homogeneous Grouping, Correlation, Longitudinal Studies, Academic Achievement, Advanced Courses, Enrollment Trends, Middle School Students, Student Records, Ability Grouping, Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, School Districts, Public Schools, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Mathematics Achievement, English, Language Arts, Student Characteristics, English Language Learners, Ethnicity, High Achievement, Low Achievement, Mathematics Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; High Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California