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Schneider, Sascha; Häßler, Alexandra; Habermeyer, Tanja; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The inclusion of human-like shapes like arms or faces in rather abstract pictures triggers the tendency of anthropomorphism, which is defined as the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman objects. Anthropomorphism-triggering features in digital learning materials were found to enhance the performance of students. However, the probability…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Prior Learning, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes
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Hoogerheide, Vincent; Renkl, Alexander; Fiorella, Logan; Paas, Fred; van Gog, Tamara – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Recent findings show that after studying a text, teaching the learned content on video to a fictitious peer student improves learning more than restudying the content. This benefit may be in part due to increased arousal associated with the teaching activity. The present experiment investigated whether teaching on video is also effective for…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Problem Solving, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Agarwal, Pooja K. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The development of students' higher order learning is a critical component of education. For decades, educators and scientists have engaged in an ongoing debate about whether higher order learning can only be enhanced by building a base of factual knowledge (analogous to Bloom's taxonomy) or whether higher order learning can be enhanced directly…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Taxonomy, Middle School Students, College Students
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Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
We examine the relevance of task exposure specificity in the development of self-efficacy evaluations among 15-year-old students in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. We use data from the 2012 edition of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) to assess if students' self-efficacy evaluations…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment
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Ziegler, Esther; Edelsbrunner, Peter A.; Star, Jon R. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Introducing new concepts to learners in an order of increasing complexity appears to be beneficial for learning, but typically introduction of concepts does not always adhere to this principle. We examined whether introducing new algebra concepts in a contrasted manner or in an order of increasing complexity instead of a different more typical…
Descriptors: Interference (Learning), Difficulty Level, Algebra, Mathematics Instruction
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Kühl, Tim; Stebner, Ferdinand; Navratil, Sabrina C.; Fehringer, Benedict C. O. F.; Münzer, Stefan – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
This research examined whether the informational advantage of an animation over a static picture (and over no visualizations as a control condition) can be compensated by presenting the information in the text that constitutes this informational advantage. In addition, it was investigated whether learners' spatial abilities acted as a compensator…
Descriptors: Animation, Visual Stimuli, Pictorial Stimuli, Spatial Ability
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Berendes, Karin; Vajjala, Sowmya; Meurers, Detmar; Bryant, Doreen; Wagner, Wolfgang; Chinkina, Maria; Trautwein, Ulrich – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
An adequate level of linguistic complexity in learning materials is believed to be of crucial importance for learning. The implication for school textbooks is that reading complexity should differ systematically between grade levels and between higher and lower tracks in line with what can be called the systematic complexification assumption.…
Descriptors: Reading, Difficulty Level, Textbooks, Secondary Education
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Baars, Martine; Leopold, Claudia; Paas, Fred – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The ability to learn in a self-regulated way is important for adolescents' academic achievements. Monitoring one's own learning is a prerequisite skill for successful self-regulated learning. However, accurate monitoring has been found to be difficult for adolescents, especially for learning problem-solving tasks such as can be found in math and…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Secondary School Students, Learning Strategies, Biology
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Rau, Martina A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Making connections among multiple visual representations is key to students' learning. This article considers two learning processes involved in connection making: explicit sense making of connections and implicit perceptual induction of connections. Instructional interventions support these processes via different problem types: sense-making…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Association (Psychology), Visual Aids, Undergraduate Students
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Schnotz, Wolfgang; Wagner, Inga – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Conjoint processing of text and pictures is assumed to possess an inherent asymmetry, because text and pictures serve fundamentally different but complementary functions. Conjoint processing is assumed to start with general, coherence-oriented mental model construction. When certain tasks have to be solved, the mental model is adjusted to the task…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Schemata (Cognition), Reading Comprehension
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Sithole, Seedwell T. M.; Chandler, Paul; Abeysekera, Indra; Paas, Fred – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
This research investigated the effects of 3 instructional design formats on learning introductory accounting. In accordance with cognitive load theory, it was predicted that students who would learn with a guided self-managed instructional design format would outperform students who would learn with a conventional split-attention format or an…
Descriptors: Self Management, Attention, Accounting, Business Administration Education
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Retnowati, Endah; Ayres, Paul; Sweller, John – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Worked examples and collaborative learning have both been shown to facilitate learning. However, the testing of both strategies almost exclusively has been conducted independently of each other. The main aim of the current study was to examine interactions between these 2 strategies. Two experiments (N = 182 and N = 122) were conducted with…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Mathematics Instruction, Interaction, Grade 7
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Powell, Sarah R.; Kearns, Devin M.; Driver, Melissa K. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Children in the elementary grades are expected to solve equations to demonstrate prealgebraic proficiency. Prealgebraic differences may emerge based equation type (i.e., standard vs. nonstandard), the operation shown or required for solution (i.e., addition or subtraction), and the position of the unknown. Prealgebraic differences may also be…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Algebra, Equations (Mathematics), Problem Solving
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Gao, Yuan; Liu, Tzu-Chien; Paas, Fred – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
This study compared the effects of effortless selection of target plants using quick respond (QR) code technology to effortful manual search and selection of target plants on learning about plants in a mobile device supported learning environment. In addition, it was investigated whether the effectiveness of the 2 selection methods was…
Descriptors: Plants (Botany), Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology, Short Term Memory
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Schwaighofer, Matthias; Bühner, Markus; Fischer, Frank – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Worked examples have proven to be effective for knowledge acquisition compared with problem solving, particularly when prior knowledge is low (e.g., Kalyuga, 2007). However, in addition to prior knowledge, executive functions and fluid intelligence might be potential moderators of the effectiveness of worked examples. The present study examines…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Short Term Memory, Intelligence, Knowledge Level
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