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Lange, Christopher; Costley, Jamie – Issues in Educational Research, 2019
Quality of instruction within media-rich environments is an important aspect of the online learning process. Instructors need to avoid the presentation of confusing content caused by diverse forms of media, which can induce higher levels of extraneous processing and negatively affect germane cognitive load. Maintaining high levels of germane load…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Cognitive Ability, Metacognition, College Students
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Lange, Christopher; Costley, Jamie – Distance Education, 2019
Scaffolding techniques, such as sequencing and fading, used in online video lectures may help mitigate the negative relationship between complex contents represented by intrinsic load and content understanding represented by germane load. This study analyzed survey responses from university students (n = 2365) who participated in online classes in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Electronic Learning
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Costley, Jamie – Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 2019
Purpose: As online learning has become more prevalent, how learners interact with each other in those learning environments has become more salient. To develop effective levels of interaction, students must feel comfortable to express their ideas and views. For this reason, this paper aims to look at how individual students' levels of social…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Correlation, Interaction
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Hughes, Christopher; Costley, Jamie; Lange, Christopher – Distance Education, 2019
An important part of online courses is the delivery of instruction via video lectures. Video lectures should use media effectively to reduce extraneous load and maximize cognitive processing, thereby helping students to learn. Instructors may be able to reduce extraneous load by varying the number of audio and visual media used. This study…
Descriptors: Multimedia Instruction, Multimedia Materials, Video Technology, Lecture Method
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Fanguy, Mik; Costley, Jamie; Baldwin, Matthew; Lange, Christopher; Wang, Holly – International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 2019
Media diversity within video lectures has been shown to have an effect on students who participate in both flipped classes as well as online courses. While some research claims that content delivered through multiple sources leads to more learning, contrasting research makes the claim that too much media hinders cognitive processing. The present…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Lecture Method, Video Technology, Homework
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Costley, Jamie; Lange, Christopher – International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 2018
Semi-formal learning is used to describe learning that is directed towards the goals of a formal learning institution but outside of the learning structure of a specific class. Students studying online may form semi-formal groups to increase their knowledge of the content by interacting with other learners taking the same class. This study of…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, College Students
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Fanguy, Mik; Costley, Jamie; Lange, Christopher; Baldwin, Matthew; Han, Seunglock – Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 2018
Aim/Purpose: Extant research provides conflicting information regarding the role that lecture behaviors play within e-learning lectures. This study sought to understand what role motivation plays in increasing the likelihood that students engage in lecture behaviors in general, and how motivation affects the differing types of lecture behaviors.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Student Motivation, Electronic Learning
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Hughes, Christopher; Costley, Jamie; Lange, Christopher – Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 2018
Purpose: The paper aims to examine the effect of levels of self-regulated effort (SRE) and levels of cognitive load on the watching and completing of video lectures used as the main source of instruction in online learning environments. Design/methodology/approach: A survey provided data on the students' engagement with video lectures, their level…
Descriptors: Self Management, Difficulty Level, Video Technology, Lecture Method
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Costley, Jamie; Lange, Christopher Henry – Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 2017
Purpose: Because student viewership of video lectures serves as an important aspect of e-learning environments, video lectures should be delivered in a way that enhances the learning experience. The delivery of video lectures through diverse forms of media is a useful approach, which may have an effect on student learning, satisfaction, engagement…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Lecture Method, Electronic Learning, Outcomes of Education
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Costley, Jamie; Lange, Christopher – International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 2017
An important aspect of MOOCs is the way students interact with video lectures. Instruction provided through video lectures should focus on ways to increase germane cognitive load, which directly contributes to learning. One approach that may lead to an increase of germane load may be to use video lectures with diverse forms of media, including…
Descriptors: Online Courses, Lecture Method, Foreign Countries, Video Technology
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Costley, Jamie; Lange, Christopher – Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 2017
Instructional design is an important aspect of the learning experience within formal online courses. One way in which online instructional design may benefit students is by increasing their future behavioral intention to use educational materials. This is important because research has revealed that students' use of educational resources is…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Electronic Learning, Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes
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Lange, Chris; Costley, Jamie – International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 2017
Online instructors need to avoid unclear and confusing explanations of content, which can reduce the quality of learning. Extraneous load is reflective of poor instruction, in that it directs student effort towards processing information that does not contribute to learning. However, students may be able to manage poor instruction through effort…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Online Courses, Student Surveys
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Costley, Jamie – Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 2017
Purpose: This paper looks at a particular type of cheating that occurs in an online university setting. That is, when students who have a connection from outside the online learning environment conspire to cheat together. It measures the correlations between student variables and cheating, instructional variables and cheating and learning outcomes…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cheating, Ethics, Student Behavior
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Fanguy, Mik; Costley, Jamie; Baldwin, Matthew – International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 2017
Lecture videos have become an increasingly prevalent and important source of learning content. Lecturergenerated summaries may be used during a video lecture to improve student recall. Furthermore, the integration of a guest lecturer into the classroom may be a beneficial educational practice drawing the learner's attention to specific content or…
Descriptors: Documentation, Guides, Lecture Method, Video Technology
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Costley, Jamie; Lange, Christopher – Journal of Information Technology Education: Research, 2016
Understanding the relationship between social presence and critical thinking is useful for gaining insight into the interaction and discourse of learners online. Further study of how these two presences interact is important because research has shown a wide variety of relationships, both positive and negative, between social presence and critical…
Descriptors: Correlation, Interpersonal Relationship, Critical Thinking, Electronic Learning
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