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Agasisti, Tommaso; Zoido, Pablo – Educational Researcher, 2018
This paper derives efficiency scores for around 8,500 schools in 30 countries, using Programme for International Student Assessment 2012 data and a nonparametric approach called data envelopment analysis as method. On average, achievement scores of schools can be increased by 27%, holding inputs constant. Efficiency scores vary considerably both…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Luschei, Thomas F.; Jeong, Dong Wook – Educational Researcher, 2018
Although substantial evidence from the United States suggests that more qualified teachers are disproportionately concentrated in the schools and classrooms of academically and socioeconomically advantaged children, it is not clear whether the problem of teacher sorting is global in scope. This study uses data from the 2013 Teaching and Learning…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Distribution, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries
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Hiebert, James; Stigler, James W. – Educational Researcher, 2017
We examine the distinction between teaching and teachers as it relates to instructional improvement. Drawing from work outside of education on improvement systems and from analyzing the Japanese system of lesson study, we contend that a focus on teaching can shape a coordinated system for improvement whereas a focus on teachers, common in the…
Descriptors: Instructional Improvement, Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Lesson Plans
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Lewis, Catherine – Educational Researcher, 2015
The theory and tools of "improvement science" have produced performance improvements in many organizational sectors. This essay describes improvement science and explores its potential and challenges within education. Potential contributions include attention to the knowledge-building and motivational systems within schools, strategies…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Organizational Theories, Case Studies, Educational Research