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Hajovsky, Daniel B.; Reynolds, Matthew R. – Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 2019
To better understand the longitudinal relations between risk and relationship variables during early to middle adolescence, we employed latent variable cross-lagged panel models using data (N = 1,050) from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study. Results showed self-reported individual risk behavior ([beta] = 0.77-0.88)…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Longitudinal Studies, Risk, Mothers
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Estrada, Eduardo; Ferrer, Emilio; Shaywitz, Bennett A.; Holahan, John M.; Shaywitz, Sally E. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Identifying change at the individual level is an important goal for researchers, educators, and clinicians. We present a set of statistical procedures for identifying individuals who depart from a normative change. Using Latent Change Scores models (LCS), we illustrate how the Individual Likelihood computed from a statistical model for change…
Descriptors: Change, Children, Adolescents, Age Differences
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Bigham, Gary D.; Riney, Mark R. – NASSP Bulletin, 2017
To meet the constantly changing needs of schools and diverse learners, educators must frequently monitor student learning, revise curricula, and improve instruction. Consequently, it is critical that careful analyses of student performance data are ongoing components of curriculum decision-making processes. The primary purpose of this study is to…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Educational Improvement, Decision Making, Curriculum Development
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Brendgen, Mara; Girard, Alain; Vitaro, Frank; Dionne, Ginette; Boivin, Michel – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Using a sample of 767 children (403 girls, 364 boys), this study aimed to (a) identify groups with distinct trajectories of peer victimization over a 6-year period from primary school through the transition to secondary school, and (b) examine the associated personal (i.e., aggression or internalizing problems) and familial (family status,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Victims, Peer Relationship
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Pabian, Sara; Vandebosch, Heidi – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2016
The purpose of this study was to test bidirectional relationships between (cyber)bullying and (a) bonding to school and (b) bonding to teachers. These relationships were examined while controlling for traditional and cyberbullying victimization, as well as gender and age. The sample consisted of 2,128 Belgian early adolescents, who participated in…
Descriptors: Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Teacher Student Relationship, Student School Relationship
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Petersen, Jennifer Lee; Hyde, Janet Shibley – Educational Psychology, 2017
Although many studies have documented developmental change in mathematics motivation, little is known about how these trends predict math performance. A sample of 288 participants from the United States reported their perceived math ability, math utility value and math interest in 5th, 7th and 9th grades. Latent growth curve models estimated…
Descriptors: Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills, Middle Schools, Middle School Students
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Roque, Isabel; de Lemos, Marina Serra; Gonçalves, Teresa – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2014
This study examined the development of school-related causality beliefs which are children's generalized perceptions of the utility or power of different categories of specific means in producing school outcomes. Based on the action theory perspective, we analyzed the developmental model of these beliefs as well as the trajectories of the…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Developmental Stages, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 2
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Möller, Jens; Zimmermann, Friederike; Köller, Olaf – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: The reciprocal I/E model (RI/EM) combines the internal/external frame of reference model (I/EM) with the reciprocal effects model (REM). The RI/EM extends the I/EM longitudinally and the REM across domains. The model predicts that, within domains, mathematics and verbal achievement (VACH) and academic self-concept have positive effects…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Mathematics Achievement, Verbal Ability, Validity
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Fischer, Natalie; Theis, Désirée – Developmental Psychology, 2014
School motivation and attachment typically decline after the transition to middle school. According to the stage-environment fit approach, extracurricular activities are supposed to promote motivation. However, research has shown that the effects depend on the quality of the activities, which usually is measured by assessing students' individual…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Student Participation, School Attitudes, Goal Orientation
Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2014
This report focuses on the initial development of the predicted score paths for ACT Aspire reporting. The paths provide predicted score ranges for the next two years--as well as predicted ACT score ranges for tests administered at grades 9 and 10. Longitudinal ACT Aspire data for students tested in spring 2013 and spring 2014, as well as…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Career Readiness, Achievement Tests, Scores
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Zimmermann, Friederike; Schütte, Kerstin; Taskinen, Päivi; Köller, Olaf – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013
Student misbehavior is a pervasive problem and may seriously affect academic achievement. Previous research hints at different effects depending on whether achievement tests or achievement judgments are used as academic outcomes. Previous research also indicates that low achievement can conversely contribute to problem behavior and that low…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Behavior Problems, Adolescents
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Lee, Jungeun Olivia; Hill, Karl G.; Hawkins, J. David – Social Work Research, 2012
This study investigated one potential mechanism mediating continuity and discontinuity in low-income status across generations: children's educational aspirations and expectations. Data were drawn from a community sample of 808 participants who were followed from age 10 to 30. Four trajectory groups of children's educational aspirations and…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Expectation, Children, Adolescents
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Frenzel, Anne C.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Dicke, Anna-Lena; Goetz, Thomas – Developmental Psychology, 2012
Research has shown that the average values for academic interest decrease during adolescence. Looking beyond such quantitative decline, we explored qualitative change of interest in the domain of mathematics across adolescence. Study 1 was based on a longitudinal data set (annual assessments from Grade 5 to Grade 9; N = 3,193). Latent variable…
Descriptors: Interests, Mathematics, Adolescents, Longitudinal Studies
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Bowers, Edmond P.; von Eye, Alexander; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Arbeit, Miriam R.; Weiner, Michelle B.; Chase, Paul; Agans, Jennifer P. – Journal of Adolescence, 2011
Two theoretical perspectives have been proposed to describe, explain, and intervene in adolescent development--prevention science and positive youth development (PYD). An integrative model bridging these two perspectives posits that it is important to assess the extent to which the same, similar, or complementary mechanisms may be responsible for…
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Delinquency, Adolescents, Prevention