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Becker, Michael; Baumert, Jürgen; Tetzner, Julia; Maaz, Kai; Köller, Olaf – Developmental Psychology, 2019
What drives socioeconomic success within a society? This study analyzes how late childhood intelligence, parental socioeconomic background, and gender relate to multiple dimensions of adult socioeconomic success (i.e., education, occupational status, and income). A particular focus is placed on education, which is considered as both an indicator…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Family Characteristics, Gender Differences, Income
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Wray-Lake, Laura; Shubert, Jennifer – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Developmental theory posits that youth are civically engaged in different ways, patterns of civic development vary across individuals, and both stability and change in youth civic engagement can be influenced by experiences in context. Drawing on these notions, we used a longitudinal person-oriented approach to document stability and change in…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Citizen Participation, Change, Classification
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Sorhagen, Nicole S.; Keiffer, Jacqueline N.; Weinraub, Marsha – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Does mothers' employment predict the subsequent maternal employment of their daughters? Social learning theory suggests that modeling should increase under more positive relationship conditions. We examined the congruence between mothers' maternal employment and daughters' maternal employment longitudinally across 4 periods of parenthood and as a…
Descriptors: Mothers, Employed Parents, Parent Child Relationship, Daughters
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Chang, Lei; Lu, Hui Jing; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Skinner, Ann T.; Bornstein, Marc H.; Steinberg, Laurence; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Chen, Bin Bin; Tian, Qian; Bacchini, Dario; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Pastorelli, Concetta; Alampay, Liane Peña; Sorbring, Emma; Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Oburu, Paul; Malone, Patrick S.; Di Giunta, Laura; Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe; Tapanya, Sombat – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Safety is essential for life. To survive, humans and other animals have developed sets of psychological and physiological adaptations known as life history (LH) tradeoff strategies in response to various safety constraints. Evolutionarily selected LH strategies in turn regulate development and behavior to optimize survival under prevailing safety…
Descriptors: Safety, Physiology, Psychological Patterns, Longitudinal Studies