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Treiman, Rebecca; Hulslander, Jacqueline; Olson, Richard K.; Willcutt, Erik G.; Byrne, Brian; Kessler, Brett – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
We examined the predictive value of early spelling for later reading performance by analyzing data from 970 U.S. children whose spelling was assessed in the summer following the completion of kindergarten (M age = 6 years; 3 months). The word reading performance of most of the children was then tested after the completion of Grade 1 (age 7;5),…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Spelling, Predictor Variables, Kindergarten
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West, Stephen G.; Hughes, Jan N.; Kim, Han Joe; Bauer, Shelby S. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
The Motivation for Educational Attainment (MEA) questionnaire, developed to assess facets related to early adolescents' motivation to complete high school, has a bifactor structure with a large general factor and three smaller orthogonal specific factors (teacher expectations, peer aspirations, value of education). This prospective validity study…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Educational Attainment, Questionnaires, Adolescent Attitudes
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Estrada, Eduardo; Ferrer, Emilio; Shaywitz, Bennett A.; Holahan, John M.; Shaywitz, Sally E. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Identifying change at the individual level is an important goal for researchers, educators, and clinicians. We present a set of statistical procedures for identifying individuals who depart from a normative change. Using Latent Change Scores models (LCS), we illustrate how the Individual Likelihood computed from a statistical model for change…
Descriptors: Change, Children, Adolescents, Age Differences