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Church, Jessica A.; Cirino, Paul T.; Miciak, Jeremy; Juranek, Jenifer; Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
The role of executive function (EF) in the reading process, and in those with reading difficulties, remains unclear. As members of the Texas Center for Learning Disabilities, we review multiple perspectives regarding EF in reading and then summarize some of our recent studies of struggling and typical readers in grades 3-5. Study 1a found that a…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Difficulties, Response to Intervention, Reading Processes
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Bauminger-Zviely, Nirit; Alon, Mor; Brill, Alit; Schorr-Edelsztein, Hani; David, Tzuriel; Tubul, Gila; Al-Yagon, Michal – Journal of Special Education, 2019
The present study examined the role of language capacities in explaining differences in social information processing (SIP) among three school-age groups: high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, IQ > 75), children with specific learning disorder (SLD), and children with typical development (TD). Participants were 96 boys…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Cognitive Processes
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Yamasaki, Brianna L.; Luk, Gigi – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2018
Purpose: We examined the association between language experience and elementary students' eligibility for special education in Massachusetts. Method: A secondary descriptive data analysis was conducted on the anonymized demographic data obtained from the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. Third, 4th, and 5th grade…
Descriptors: Eligibility, Elementary School Students, Special Education, Grade 3
Stevens, Joseph J.; Schulte, Ann C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study examined mathematics achievement growth of students without disabilities (SWoD) and students with learning disabilities (LD) and tested whether growth and LD status interacted with student demographic characteristics. Growth was estimated in a statewide sample of 79,554 students over Grades 3 to 7. The LD group was significantly lower…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Instruction, Student Characteristics, Mathematics Achievement
Brownell, Mary; Kiely, Mary Theresa; Haager, Diane; Boardman, Alison; Corbett, Nancy; Algina, James; Dingle, Mary Patricia; Urbach, Jennifer – Exceptional Children, 2017
Two professional development (PD) models for teachers were compared on teacher and student outcomes. Special education teachers participated in Literacy Learning Cohorts (LLC), a PD innovation designed to improve content and pedagogical knowledge for providing reading instruction to upper elementary students with learning disabilities. The LLC,…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Special Education Teachers, Literacy Education, Learning Disabilities
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Hunt, Jessica H.; Welch-Ptak, Jasmine J.; Silva, Juanita M. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
Documenting how students with learning disabilities (LD) initially conceive of fractional quantities, and how their understandings may align with or differ from students with mathematics difficulties, is necessary to guide development of assessments and interventions that attach to unique ways of thinking or inherent difficulties these students…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Fractions, Mathematical Concepts, Concept Formation
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Tobia, Valentina; Fasola, Anna; Lupieri, Alice; Marzocchi, Gian Marco – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
This study aimed to explore the spatial numerical association of response codes (SNARC), the flanker, and the numerical distance effects in children with mathematical difficulties. From a sample of 720 third, fourth, and fifth graders, 60 children were selected and divided into the following three groups: typically developing children (TD; n =…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Reading Difficulties, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Etmanskie, Jill M.; Partanen, Marita; Siegel, Linda S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
There are some children who encounter unexpected reading difficulties in the fourth grade. This phenomenon has been described as late emerging reading disabilities (LERD). Using Grade 4 as a starting point, this study examined the reading development of 964 children between kindergarten and Grade 7. The results showed that 72.0% of children had…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Reading Comprehension
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Tindal, Gerald; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Stevens, Joseph J.; Alonzo, Julie – Remedial and Special Education, 2016
For 30 years, researchers have investigated oral reading fluency as a measure of growth in reading proficiency. Yet, little research has been done with these measures in the context of progress monitoring in Tier 2 systems. First, we document teachers' progress-monitoring decisions on type of passage (on-grade or off-grade) and how often to…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Oral Reading, Reading Skills, Measures (Individuals)
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Saven, Jessica L.; Anderson, Daniel; Nese, Joseph F. T.; Farley, Dan; Tindal, Gerald – Journal of Special Education, 2016
Students with significant cognitive disabilities are eligible to participate in two statewide testing options for accountability: alternate assessments or general assessments with appropriate accommodations. Participation guidelines are generally quite vague, leading to students "switching" test participation between years. In this…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Student Participation, State Surveys, Alternative Assessment
Jordan, Nancy C.; Resnick, Ilyse; Rodrigues, Jessica; Hansen, Nicole; Dyson, Nancy – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The goal of the present article is to synthesize findings to date from the Delaware Longitudinal Study of Fraction Learning. The study followed a large cohort of children (N = 536) between Grades 3 and 6. The findings showed that many students, especially those with diagnosed learning disabilities, made minimal growth in fraction knowledge and…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Fractions, Longitudinal Studies, Learning Disabilities
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Shin, Mikyung; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty – Remedial and Special Education, 2015
This study synthesized intervention studies focusing on instruction to improve fraction skills. Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria: being published in English-language peer-reviewed journals or dissertations between 1975 and 2014, and targeting 3rd- through 12th-grade students struggling to learn mathematics. From the "Common Core…
Descriptors: Fractions, Intervention, Learning Disabilities, Literature Reviews
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Alves, Kat D.; Kennedy, Michael J.; Brown, Tiara S.; Solis, Michael – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2015
"Reading comprehension" is difficult for many students with disabilities, including those with specific learning disabilities. However these students can be explicitly taught strategies to improve their comprehension abilities. One such strategy is teaching students story grammar in order to provide them with a framework for…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Reading Comprehension, Teaching Methods, Grade 3
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Hunt, Jessica H.; Empson, Susan B. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
Little to no information exists explaining the nature of conceptual gaps in understanding fractions for students with learning disabilities (LD); such information is vital to practitioners seeking to develop instruction or interventions. Many researchers argue such knowledge can be revealed through student's problem-solving strategies. Despite…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Elementary School Students
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Li, Xin; Kenzy, Patty; Underwood, Lucy; Severson, Laura – Educational Action Research, 2015
This study was presented at the American Educational Research Association 2012 conference in Vancouver, Canada. The study explored how action research of arts-based teaching (ABT) impacted at-risk students in three urban public schools in southern California, USA. ABT was defined as using arts, music, drama, and dance in teaching other subjects. A…
Descriptors: Action Research, Teaching Methods, At Risk Students, Urban Schools
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