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Shimono, Torrin R. – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2018
The progression of silent reading rates and reading comprehension were examined among Japanese university students (N = 55) over one academic semester. Participants were divided into three quasi-experimental groups. The first group practiced a combination of timed reading and repeated oral reading with attention paid to chunking and prosody. The…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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McLean, Stuart; Poulshock, Joseph – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2018
We compared three methods for increasing reading amount and reading self-efficacy among L2 learners. (1) We required a word-target group to read at least 2,500 words a week outside class. (2) We required a sustained silent reading (SSR) group to do (a) in class SSR for 15 minutes every week, and (b) to read one book per week. (3) We required a…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Reading Skills, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Mikami, Hitoshi; Leung, Chi Yui; Yoshikawa, Lisa – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2018
The following question has yet to be answered by researchers: when does anxiety have a systematic downward bias on foreign language (FL) reading test scores? The results of the correlation and regression analyses conducted in this study indicate that, at least in the case of university-level English learners in Japan, anxiety-induced bias occurs…
Descriptors: Reading Tests, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Test Anxiety
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Nahatame, Shingo – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2017
Standards of coherence are one of the major factors that influence reading comprehension. This study investigated the standards of coherence that second language (L2) learners employ when reading. In a pair of experiments, Japanese learners of English read two-sentence texts with varying causal and semantic relatedness between sentences and then…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension, Semantics
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Hagley, Eric – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2017
Extensive graded reading (EGR) was carried out with a cohort of 600 engineering students in a university in northern Japan. Pre-and post-surveys were conducted to discover changes in the general reading habits of students, their attitudes toward the assessment method and how goals changed over the course of study. The first survey was carried out…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Engineering Education, Reading Instruction
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Hosoda, Masaya – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2017
This study explored the relation between second-language (L2) readers' memory for causal relations and their learning outcomes from expository text. Japanese students of English as a foreign language (EFL) with high and low L2 reading proficiency read an expository text. They completed a causal question and a problem-solving test as measures of…
Descriptors: Reading, English (Second Language), Memory, Reading Skills
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Kida, Shusaku – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2016
The present study investigated second language (L2) learners' acquisition of automatic word recognition and the development of L2 orthographic representation in the mental lexicon. Participants in the study were Japanese university students enrolled in a compulsory course involving a weekly 30-minute sustained silent reading (SSR) activity with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Hamada, Akira – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2015
Three experiments examined whether the process of lexical inferences differs according to the direction of contextual elaboration using a semantic relatedness judgment task. In Experiment 1, Japanese university students read English sentences where target unknown words were semantically elaborated by prior contextual information (forward lexical…
Descriptors: Inferences, Lexicology, Task Analysis, Educational Experiments
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Horiba, Yukie; Fukaya, Keiko – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2015
This study examined the effect of reading goal, topic-familiarity, and language proficiency on text comprehension and learning. English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) students with high and low topic-familiarity read and recalled a text. Some were told in advance to expect a recall task in a particular language--the first language (L1) or second…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Familiarity, Second Language Learning, Goal Orientation
Nakanishi, Takayuki; Ueda, Atsuko – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2011
The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of extensive reading (ER) and shadowing on performance on reading comprehension tests. This study addressed the following research questions: (a) Can extensive reading improve students' reading comprehension? and (b) can shadowing enhance the effects of extensive reading? The participants in the…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests