ERIC Number: EJ1048502
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Do the Cognacy Characteristics of Loanwords Make Them More Easily Learned than Noncognates?
Rogers, James; Webb, Stuart; Nakata, Tatsuya
Language Teaching Research, v19 n1 p9-27 Jan 2015
This study investigates the effects of cognacy on vocabulary learning. The research expands on earlier designs by measuring learning of English-Japanese cognates with both decontextualized and contextualized tests, scoring responses at two levels of sensitivity, and examining learning in a more ecologically valid setting. The results indicated that Japanese learners could successfully recall the L2 forms of more cognates than noncognates, supporting earlier findings. However, when scoring was sensitive to partial knowledge of written form, the results indicated that greater knowledge of noncognates was gained. Because there was greater potential for learning noncognates due to the higher pretest scores for cognates, relative gains were also examined. The relative gains were greater for cognates than noncognates on a form recall test. The results of a cloze test contrasted with those of the form recall test. Gains were significantly larger for noncognates than cognates immediately after the treatment although no statistically significant difference existed 1 week after learning. Taken together, the research indicates that although the L2 forms of cognates may be more easily learned, it may be more challenging for second language learners to use cognates than noncognates, at least shortly after learning.
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Second Language Learning, Scoring, Recall (Psychology), Language Tests, Cloze Procedure, Language Usage, English (Second Language), Japanese, Linguistic Borrowing, Undergraduate Students, Native Language, Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis, Pretests Posttests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan