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Ding, Haiyong; Chen, Ang – European Physical Education Review, 2019
There are substantial differences between the Chinese and US education systems. One difference is in the design and use of assessment due to differences in educational policies. This study described the differences in student learning outcomes, instructional approaches, and learner motivation in physical education as consequences of the policies…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Foreign Countries, Physical Education, Physical Education Teachers
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Buttaro, Anthony, Jr.; Catsambis, Sophia – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background: Ability grouping has resurged in U.S. schools despite long-standing debates over its consequences for educational equity. Proponents argue that it is the best response to variation in academic skills because it allows teachers to customize the content and pace of instruction to students' diverse needs. Critics answer that this practice…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Equal Education, Reading Instruction, Primary Education
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Jenkins, Lyndsay N.; Nickerson, Amanda B. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
The Bystander Intervention Model proposed by social psychologists Latané and Darley has been used to examine the actions of peer bystanders in bullying. The five-stage model consists of notice the event, interpret event as an emergency, accept responsibility for intervening, know how to intervene, and implement intervention decisions. The current…
Descriptors: Audiences, Intervention, Bullying, Role
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Cappella, Elise; Schwartz, Kate; Hill, Jennifer; Kim, Ha Yeon; Seidman, Edward – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study evaluates the effect of attending a U.S. public middle or junior high school as compared with a K-8 school on eighth graders' academic and psychosocial outcomes. In a national sample, we conducted propensity score weighted regression analysis. Initial findings indicated that for eighth-grade students, attending a middle or junior high…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 8, Academic Achievement, Competence
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Duchesne, Stéphane; Larose, Simon; Feng, Bei – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine seeking help from teachers as a mechanism mediating the relationship between achievement goals adopted by students early in the school year and their degree of behavioral and cognitive engagement in academic work almost 2 years later. A sample of 456 French Canadian students (215 boys; 240 girls;…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Goal Orientation, Learner Engagement
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Riehl, Suzanne M.; Steinthorsdottir, Olof B. – Investigations in Mathematics Learning, 2019
This study explores the effects of number structure characteristics on student thinking in solving missing-value proportion problems. Prior research has documented that the presence of an integer ratio is beneficial, particularly if the integer relationship is within the same measure space. Less information on student performance is available,…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mathematical Concepts, Numbers, Mathematics Instruction
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Sela, Hagit; Davis, Nicole; Hulse, Jennifer – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2019
In education, "dialogue protocols," or "protocols," are structured guidelines that were developed to promote meaningful and efficient communication and learning. They are "vehicles for building the skills--and culture-- necessary for collaborative work. The authors share protocols that were found to transform practices…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Teachers, Communication Skills, Interpersonal Relationship
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Tosun, Cemal – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
The aim of this study was to develop a Scientific Process Skills Test (SPST) in the context of ''Matter and its Nature''. It was investigated whether there was a predictive effect of demographical features and participating out-of-school learning opportunities across the 7th and 8th grade students' Scientific Process Skill (SPS) levels.…
Descriptors: Science Process Skills, Science Tests, Test Construction, Scientific Concepts
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Tan, Dongyao; Yough, Mike; Desmet, Ophélie A.; Pereira, Nielsen – Journal of Advanced Academics, 2019
This study investigated middle school students' beliefs about intelligence and differences in the development of intelligence across ages, beliefs about giftedness and the development of giftedness, and how beliefs about intelligence and giftedness were related. A total of 52 eighth graders from two regular classes (n = 36) and one gifted class (n…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Beliefs, Academically Gifted, Intelligence
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Chu, Tsz Lun; Martin, Scott B.; Petrie, Trent A.; Greenleaf, Christy – Psychology in the Schools, 2019
Guided by the biopsychosocial model, we examined (a) the prevalence of weight control behaviors (WCBs; i.e., trying to stay the same weight, lose weight, gain weight, or do nothing about weight) among early adolescent boys by race/ethnicity and grade level, and (b) how the boys' perceptions of sociocultural pressures (from parents, peers, and…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Males, Grade 6, Grade 7
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Clemens, Nathan H.; Oslund, Eric; Kwok, Oi-man; Fogarty, Melissa; Simmons, Deborah; Davis, John L. – Exceptional Children, 2019
This study utilized secondary analyses of a randomized controlled trial and investigated the extent to which prestest word identification efficiency, reading fluency, and vocabulary knowledge moderated the effects of an intervention on reading comprehension outcomes for struggling readers in sixth through eighth grades. Given that the experimental…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Comprehension, Randomized Controlled Trials, Reading Fluency
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Anteneh, Mekonnen Melaku; Silesh, Besha Dejene – Educational Research and Reviews, 2019
This study had attempted to investigate assessment practices and factors for grade 8 students score disparity in Regional versus Teacher-made exams, from 2015 in Bench Maji Zone primary schools. In doing so, a descriptive survey method was employed. A sample of 185 stakeholders composed of 58 teachers, 101 students, 14 principals, 11 Woreda…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Middle School Students, Grade 8, Student Evaluation
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Kok, Karel; Priemer, Burkhard; Musold, Wiebke; Masnick, Amy – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2019
In this study with 153 middle school students, we investigate the influence of the number of decimal places from the reading of a measurement device on students' decisions to change or keep an initial hypothesis about falling objects. Participants were divided into three groups, introduced to two experiments--the time it takes a free falling…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Measurement, Physics, Science Instruction
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Çiftçi, Cansu; Memnun, Dilek Sezgin; Aydin, Bünyamin – Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2019
In this study, it was aimed to reveal the ideas of the secondary sixth and eighth grade students about the concept of decimal via mental images. Moreover, within the scope of this study, the differences between the mental images of the sixth and eighth grade students about the concept of decimal number will be investigated according to their class…
Descriptors: Imagery, Middle School Students, Grade 6, Grade 8
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Murangi, Kavemuii; Perkins, Robert C.; Tang, Judy H. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2019
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2017 pilot study of the Middle School Transcript Study (MSTS) is the first NAEP transcript study to focus on the middle school level, collect student coursetaking data at the Trial Urban District Assessment (TUDA) level, and rely solely on the electronic submission of course catalogs and…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Middle School Students, Academic Records, Pilot Projects
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