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Düsing, Katharina; Asshoff, Roman; Hammann, Marcus – Journal of Biological Education, 2019
This study investigates students' conceptions of the carbon cycle with regard to the components they believe to be relevant to the carbon cycle, how they interrelate these components, the ways in which they trace carbon atoms, and the different levels of biological organisation they consider when doing so. A total of 142 students aged 13-16 years…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10
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Rusek, Martin; Vojír, Karel – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
This paper focuses on the procedure and results for analyzing text-difficulty in lower-secondary chemistry textbooks in the Czech Republic. The authors use established methodology for text-difficulty analysis by Nestler, adapted by Prucha and Pluskal by adding a second independent analyser to improve reliability. Some textbooks do not follow the…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Secondary School Science, Difficulty Level, Chemistry
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Kok, Karel; Priemer, Burkhard; Musold, Wiebke; Masnick, Amy – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2019
In this study with 153 middle school students, we investigate the influence of the number of decimal places from the reading of a measurement device on students' decisions to change or keep an initial hypothesis about falling objects. Participants were divided into three groups, introduced to two experiments--the time it takes a free falling…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Measurement, Physics, Science Instruction
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Goekler, Susan; Auld, M. Elaine; Birch, David A. – State Education Standard, 2019
Health education offers a natural curricular home for important life skills and ways students can optimize physical, social, and emotional health. Although many schools have implemented social and emotional learning (SEL), health education provides a broader framework by encompassing the connections between physical and emotional health and the…
Descriptors: Role, Health Education, State Boards of Education, Social Development
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Yoon, Susan A.; Goh, Sao-Ee; Yang, Zhitong – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2019
Recent research on what students know about complex systems shows that they typically have challenges in understanding particular system ideas such as nonlinearity, complex causality, and decentralized control. Yet this research has yet to adopt a systematic approach to learning about complex systems in an ordered way in line with the Next…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Models, Middle School Students, High School Students
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Evans, Carla M. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2019
New Hampshire's Performance Assessment of Competency Education (PACE) pilot received a waiver from federal statutory requirements related to state annual achievement testing starting in the 2014-15 school year. PACE is considered an "innovative" assessment and accountability system because performance assessments are used to help…
Descriptors: Accountability, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Performance Based Assessment
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Garn, Alex C.; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Lonsdale, Chris – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Student motivation research seeks to uncover greater understanding of when, how, and why students succeed or fail in school settings. Self-determination theory has been at the forefront of helping educational stakeholders answer questions on student motivation. This study investigates the motivation mediation model proposed by self-determination…
Descriptors: Psychological Needs, Need Gratification, Student Motivation, Self Determination
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Sharpe, Sheree T. – Mathematical Thinking and Learning: An International Journal, 2019
In this study, the author examined student attempts to translate a verbal problem into an algebraic statement relating two variables, after they had solved an arithmetic question from the same problem. A total of 645 students from New England (U.S.A.) answered the problem on a mathematics assessment administered at the beginning of the school…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
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Cuperman, Dan; Verner, Igor M. – Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2019
This article considers student analogical reasoning associated with learning practice in creating bio-inspired robots. The study was in the framework of an outreach course for middle school students. Fifty eighth and ninth graders performed inquiries into behavior and locomotion of snakes and designed robotic models using the BIOLOID robot…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Robotics, Models, Biological Sciences
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Gremmen, Mariola C.; Berger, Christian; Ryan, Allison M.; Steglich, Christian E. G.; Veenstra, René; Dijkstra, Jan K. – Child Development, 2019
This study examined to what extent adolescents' and their friends' risk behaviors (i.e., delinquency and alcohol use) hinder or promote their academic achievement (grade point average [GPA]), and vice versa. Longitudinal data were used (N = 1,219 seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents; M[subscript age] = 13.69). Results showed that risk behaviors…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior, Risk, Delinquency
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McDonald, Scott; Bateman, Kathryn; Gall, Helen; Tanis-Ozcelik, Arzu; Webb, Aubree; Furman, Tanya – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2019
Plate tectonics is the organizing paradigm of geosciences, but it is also conceptually complex, and students often struggle with developing a system level understanding of the earth. This article reports on research designed to create a characterization of the different levels of sophistication around plate tectonics in the form of a learning…
Descriptors: Plate Tectonics, Earth Science, Grade 6, Grade 7
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Almahasnih, Abderraheem Fadhil Salamn – World Journal of Education, 2019
The aim of this research was to investigate the phenomenon of bullying and the dangerous effects on victims and the security of school environment, and to understand the psycho-social dimensions, through recognizing the degree of contribution of embodying the social values, feeling inferiority and strength of inner feeling of bullies who try to…
Descriptors: Bullying, Case Studies, Grade 9, Grade 10
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Araújo, Rui; Hastie, Peter; Lohse, Keith R.; Bessa, Cristiana; Mesquita, Isabel – European Physical Education Review, 2019
The purpose of this study was to analyse 18 Portuguese high school students' game play performance improvements across three hybrid Sport Education-Step-Game-Approach volleyball seasons. Students' play performance at the entry and exit points of each season was evaluated using the Game Performance Assessment Instrument during 2vs2 games. A series…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Games, Models, Foreign Countries
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Wijsman, Lindy A.; Saab, Nadira; Schuitema, Jaap; van Driel, Jan H.; Westenberg, P. Michiel – Learning Environments Research, 2019
During the early stages of secondary education students' motivation and performance levels decline. This study employed a case study approach to evaluate a learning environment called GUTS; Differentiated Challenging of Talent in School. GUTS was specifically designed to raise performance and motivation through a combination of (a) talent lessons…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Student Motivation, Rewards, Grade 7
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Bae, Hwa-ok; Choo, Hyekyung; Lim, ChaeYoung – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study compared bullying experiences between ethnic minority youth and Korean majority youth in South Korea, and examined whether the student-teacher relationship is associated with their bullying experiences. Participants comprised 148 ethnic minority students and 165 Korean majority students in Grades 4 to 11 in South Korea. Bivariate…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Racial Bias, Ethnicity
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