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Anderson, Daniel – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2019
Much research has evaluated teacher- or school-level variance in students' achievement as a proxy for teacher or school effects. These effects have almost exclusively been estimated across years with state-level testing data. In this paper, interim assessment data, collected across 9 time points in the fall, winter, and spring of Grades 3 to 5…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gains, Teacher Effectiveness