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Milton, Jessica H.; Flores, Margaret M.; Moore, Alexcia J.; Taylor, Ja'Lia J.; Burton, Megan E. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
To meet increasingly complex mathematics standards in late elementary school, students must conceptually understand and be fluent in the operations of multiplication and division. This includes understanding the operations' inverse relation. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of alternating concrete-representational-abstract…
Descriptors: Multiplication, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics
Shneyderman, Aleksandr – Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, 2019
Curriculum Associates' i-Ready is an adaptive diagnostic and individualized instructional tool that has been used in M-DCPS in the last few years. In addition, Curriculum Associates provides the District with results of their predictive model, which uses the students' outcomes on the Fall and Winter i-Ready diagnostic testing as well as the…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Language Arts, Reading Achievement
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Chen, Jianshen; Keller, Bryan – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2019
Despite the overwhelming focus on the overall average treatment effect in the methodological and statistical literature, in many cases the efficacy of an educational program or intervention might vary based on unit background characteristics. The identification of subgroups for which an educational intervention is particularly effective or, on the…
Descriptors: Heterogeneous Grouping, Observation, Longitudinal Studies, Children
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Cohen, Dale J.; Zhang, Jin; Wothke, Werner – Applied Measurement in Education, 2019
Construct-irrelevant cognitive complexity of some items in the statewide grade-level assessments may impose performance barriers for students with disabilities who are ineligible for alternate assessments based on alternate achievement standards. This has spurred research into whether items can be modified to reduce complexity without affecting…
Descriptors: Test Items, Accessibility (for Disabled), Students with Disabilities, Low Achievement
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Kilgus, Stephen P.; Izumi, Jared T.; Von der Embse, Nathaniel P.; Van Wie, Michael P.; Eklund, Katie; Taylor, Crystal N.; Iaccarino, Stephanie – School Psychology, 2019
The purposes of this study were twofold. The first was to use latent class analysis to identify groupings of students defined by the presence or absence of academic or behavioral risk. The second was to determine whether these groups differed across various dichotomous academic and behavioral outcomes (e.g., suspensions, office discipline…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Hirata, Guilherme; Rocha e Oliveira, P. – Education Economics, 2019
This paper analyzes the lasting impacts of a project aimed at teaching children how to read and write at age 6. Using a Difference-in-Differences methodology, the results show that it is not enough to get children literate at age 6 to secure lasting effects; the instruction process is also an important factor: Only pupils exposed to the Phonics…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Phonics, Elementary School Students, Language Tests
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Rambo-Hernandez, Karen E.; Peters, Scott J.; Plucker, Jonathan A. – Journal of Advanced Academics, 2019
Despite considerable reform activity surrounding K-12 education over the past 20 years, racial and socioeconomic disparities among students who achieve at advanced levels have received little attention. This study examined how excellence gaps, defined as differences in performance at the 90th percentile of subgroups, change over time and their…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Achievement Gap, Achievement Tests, Reading Achievement
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Hill, Heather C.; Charalambous, Charalambos Y.; Chin, Mark J. – Educational Policy, 2019
Diverse stakeholders have an interest in understanding how teacher characteristics--their preparation and experience, knowledge, and mind-sets and habits--relate to students' outcomes in mathematics. Past research has extensively explored this issue but often examined each characteristic in isolation. Drawing on data from roughly 300 fourth- and…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Mathematics Instruction, Outcomes of Education, Teacher Student Relationship
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Blanton, Maria; Stroud, Rena; Stephens, Ana; Gardiner, Angela Murphy; Stylianou, Despina A.; Knuth, Eric; Isler-Baykal, Isil; Strachota, Susanne – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
A cluster randomized trial design was used to examine the effectiveness of a Grades 3 to 5 early algebra intervention with a diverse student population. Forty-six schools in three school districts participated. Students in treatment schools were taught the intervention by classroom teachers during regular mathematics instruction. Students in…
Descriptors: Algebra, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Clarke, Frederick C.; Burt, Walter L. – Education and Urban Society, 2019
Charter schools in urban environments have been scrutinized for their effectiveness. This study attempted to determine whether students attending Midwestern urban charter schools outperformed students in traditional schools on the state's accountability system over a 5-year time period. Using a quasi-experimental research design, data were…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Attendance, Urban Schools, Transfer Students
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Vondrová, Nada; Novotná, Jarmila; Havlícková, Radka – ZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 2019
Research has shown that word problem difficulty is influenced by various linguistic, numerical and general variables, but results in this area are inconsistent. This paper focuses on the question of how the order of numerical data, the context, the position of the unknown transformation, and the length of the statement in an additive word problem,…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Somasundram, Piriya; Akmar, Sharifah Norul; Eu, Leong Kwan – International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2019
Pattern generalisation is one of the most important elements in developing functional thinking in elementary school which leads to build foundation to work with algebra in later years of education. Therefore, this study took an initiative to study the performance of year five pupils in pattern generalisation and its correlation with mathematics…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, Grade 5, Generalization
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Bryce, Crystal I.; Bradley, Robert H.; Abry, Tashia; Swanson, Jodi; Thompson, Marilyn S. – School Psychology, 2019
Parents and teachers--primary socializers across elementary grades--offer potentially differential support mechanisms for children's healthy functioning across developmental periods. Utilizing child, parent, teacher, and observational data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Department Study of Early Child Care and Youth…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Parent Influence, Teacher Influence, Learner Engagement
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Schindler, Maike; Bader, Eveline; Lilienthal, Achim J.; Schindler, Florian; Schabmann, Alfred – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2019
Quantity recognition in whole number representations is a fundamental skill children need to acquire in their mathematical development. Despite the observed correlation to mathematics achievement, however, the ability to recognize quantities in structured whole number representations has not been studied extensively. In this article, we…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Eye Movements, Mathematics Skills, Correlation
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Nelson, Peter M.; Van Norman, Ethan R.; Parker, David C.; Cormier, Damien C. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2019
Data from a large-scale math intervention program were used to evaluate the degree to which implementation fidelity (IF) and interventionist content knowledge were associated with student outcomes. Data were available for 33 interventionists serving 658 students in Grades 4-6 across one school year. A series of multilevel models were fit to the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Program Implementation, Fidelity, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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