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Gates, Susan M.; Hamilton, Laura S.; Martorell, Paco; Burkhauser, Susan; Heaton, Paul; Pierson, Ashley; Baird, Matthew; Vuollo, Mirka; Li, Jennifer J.; Lavery, Diana Catherine; Harvey, Melody; Gu, Kun – RAND Corporation, 2014
New Leaders is a nonprofit organization with a mission to ensure high academic achievement for all students by developing outstanding school leaders to serve in urban schools. Its premise is that a combination of preparation and improved working conditions for principals, especially greater autonomy, would lead to improved student outcomes. Its…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Role, Academic Achievement, Professional Development
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008
Two studies examined response to varying amounts of time in reading intervention for two cohorts of first-grade students demonstrating low levels of reading after previous intervention. Students were assigned to one of three groups that received (a) a single dose of intervention, (b) a double dose of intervention, or (c) no intervention.…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Fluency, Student Reaction, Acceleration (Education)
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Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 2007
This study evaluated the efficacy of a preschool mathematics program based on a comprehensive model of developing research-based software and print curricula. Building Blocks, funded by the National Science Foundation, is a curriculum development project focused on creating research-based, technology-enhanced mathematics materials for pre-K…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Experimental Groups, Curriculum Development, Achievement Gains
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Torgesen, Joseph K.; Alexander, Ann W.; Wagner, Richard K.; Rashotte, Carol A.; Voeller, Kytja K. S.; Conway, Tim – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2001
Sixty children (ages 8-10) with severe reading disabilities received daily intensive one-to-one instruction that differed in depth and extent of instruction in phonemic awareness and phonemic decoding. Both approaches were highly effective in improving reading accuracy and comprehension although measures of reading rate showed continued severe…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Individual Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Intervention
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Gillon, Gail T. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2000
This study investigated the efficacy of an integrated phonological awareness intervention approach with 61 New Zealand children (ages 5-7) with spoken language impairment (SLI) and 30 typically developing children. Children who received the phonological awareness intervention reached levels of performance similar to typically developing children…
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Foreign Countries, Instructional Effectiveness, Intervention
Weaver, Constance L. – 1991
This research was designed to investigate several primary questions in comparing the Logo floor turtle to the Logo screen turtle: (1) Do young children gain different geometric concepts from experiences with the floor turtle than they do with the screen turtle? (2) Do young children learn to use the four basic Logo commands more efficiently with…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Computer Assisted Instruction, Concept Formation, Early Childhood Education
Huinker, DeAnn M. – 1992
Children begin school with the ability to use their informal and implicit conceptual knowledge to guide their problem solving, but shift to the use of superficial strategies in their attempts to solve word problems as they progress through school. This paper describes a study designed to investigate the effects of an instructional sequence that…
Descriptors: Addition, Cognitive Style, Division, Grade 4
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Sellke, Donald H.; And Others – Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1991
This study tested the effectiveness of an experimental instructional strategy for writing arithmetic sentences for simple multiplication and division story problems involving nonintegral factors. Significant effects in favor of the experimental group were found on an intermediate test and a posttest. (Author/CW)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Division, Equations (Mathematics), Junior High Schools
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Gierut, Judith A. – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1990
This study evaluated whether variations in the structure of minimal versus maximal opposition treatments would result in empirical differences in phonological learning with three four-year-old boys who excluded at least six sounds from their phonetic and phonemic inventories. Results indicated that treatment of maximal oppositions led to greater…
Descriptors: Articulation (Speech), Delayed Speech, Instructional Effectiveness, Males
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Jampole, Ellen S.; And Others – Journal of Creative Behavior, 1994
This study evaluated the use of guided imagery practice to enhance creative writing with 43 academically gifted students (stratified as either high or low creativity) in grades 3 and 4. Groups receiving the guided imagery practice (regardless of original creativity level) generated more original writing, which contained more sensory descriptions…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Creative Writing, Creativity, Elementary Education
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Kaiser, Ann P.; Hester, Peggy P. – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1994
The primary and generalized effects of Enhanced Milieu Training were examined with six preschool children with significant language delays. Children systematically increased their use of target language skills during the intervention sessions, and these changes were maintained when treatment was discontinued. Some generalization to untrained…
Descriptors: Delayed Speech, Generalization, Instructional Effectiveness, Intervention
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Dale, Philip S.; And Others – Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 1996
This study evaluated effects of training parents of 33 children (ages 3 to 6) with mild/moderate language delays in either effective joint book-reading techniques (using the Whitehurst Dialogic Reading Training Program) or more general conversational instruction. Results suggest the potential of the book-reading training for facilitating language…
Descriptors: Dialogs (Language), Interaction, Language Acquisition, Language Impairments
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Simmons, Deborah C.; And Others – Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 1994
Effects of instructional complexity and role reciprocity within classwide peer tutoring (CWPT) programs were examined with a total of 119 students (learning disabled, low achieving, or normally achieving) in grades 2 through 5. Students in all CWPT conditions outperformed controls on a reading fluency measure; however only those in CWPT with role…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Learning Disabilities, Low Achievement, Peer Teaching
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Vadasy, Patricia F.; Jenkins, Joseph R.; Antil, Lawrence R.; Wayne, Susan K.; O'Connor, Rollanda E. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 1997
Twenty at-risk first graders received 30 minutes of individual instruction from community tutors four days a week for up to 23 weeks. Subjects outperformed the control group on all reading, decoding, spelling and segmenting, and writing measures. Tutors who implemented the program with a high degree of fidelity achieved significant effect sizes in…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Early Intervention, Grade 1, Individual Instruction