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Tobias, Robert – Online Submission, 2009
This article builds on a previous submission to the New Zealand government's Office for the Community and Voluntary Sector. It reviews the very long history of adult and community education (ACE) for active citizenship. It illustrates some ways in which ACE organizations and groups have contributed to attempts by the state and its agencies to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Education, Community Education, Citizen Participation
Tobias, Robert – Online Submission, 2006
This paper explores the nature and role of those forms of tertiary education that have been variously described as "transition", "foundation" and "bridging" education. It argues that much of the relevant literature is grounded implicitly or explicitly in technicist and liberal functionalist discourses. It then reviews…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Postsecondary Education, Remedial Instruction, Educational Theories
Tobias, Robert – Online Submission, 2006
This article tells the story of policies relevant to education, ageism and older adults between 1999 and 2005. It follows an article published in a previous "New Zealand Journal of Adult Learning" that described and critiqued policy developments between the 1980s and 2001. The story is located in the context of ongoing historical…
Descriptors: Adult Learning, Older Adults, Foreign Countries, Ideology
Tobias, Robert – Online Submission, 2002
This paper undertakes a review of the report of the Adult Education and Community Learning Working Party released by the New Zealand Government in September 2001. It discusses a number of themes arising out of this report. However, the report is not seen in isolation, and the paper locates it in a wider context. It identifies some of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Education, Adult Learning, Goal Orientation