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Klecker, Beverly M.; Klecker, Richard L. – Online Submission, 2014
This descriptive research study examined 2013 NAEP 12th-grade mathematics scores by students' use of graphing calculators in math classes and the kind of calculator students used during NAEP assessment. NAEP Data Explorer analysis included two questions from Student Factors: How often do you use these different kinds of calculators in math class?…
Descriptors: Grade 12, High School Students, Mathematics Achievement, Scores
Beach, Richard – Online Submission, 2011
This paper analyzes the influence of three different learning paradigms for learning literacy--formalist, cognitive-processing, and literacy practices--on the implementation of the Common Core State Standards. It argues that the Common Core State Standards are based largely on a formalist paradigm as evident in the emphasis on teaching text…
Descriptors: Text Structure, Models, State Standards, Educational Change