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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Blömeke, Sigrid – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The aim is to describe the development of achievement in compulsory school in the Nordic countries from the 1960s. The study relies on published results concerning literacy and numeracy from the international large-scale assessments between 1964 and 2012. Among others, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) for most countries, a small but…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Compulsory Education, Educational Development, Educational Trends
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Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over time international large-scale assessments have grown in terms of number of studies, cycles, and participating countries, many of which are a heterogeneous mix of economies, languages, cultures, and geography. This heterogeneity has meaningful consequences for comparably measuring both achievement and non-achievement constructs, such as…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Mohammadpour, Ebrahim; Abdul Ghafar, Mohamed Najib – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2014
Achievement in mathematics of eighth-grade students is modeled as a function of within-school, between-school and cross-country differences. The data were obtained from 217,728 students, within 7,216 secondary schools, in 48 countries, who participated in the 2007 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study. Multilevel analysis showed…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Grade 8, Cross Cultural Studies, Secondary School Students