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OECD Publishing, 2018
Equity is a fundamental value and guiding principle of education policy and practice, but it is not necessarily actualised in schools and education systems around the world. There are large variations across PISA-participating countries and economies in the magnitude of the difference that socio-economic status makes in students' learning,…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Social Mobility, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries
Borgonovi, Francesca; Ferrara, Alessandro; Maghnouj, Soumaya – OECD Publishing, 2018
As is the case in most OECD countries, boys in Norway are more likely to have lower levels of academic achievement and attainment than girls. While this phenomenon is not recent, it has become increasingly pronounced in recent years and, as a result, is attracting considerable attention from policy-makers in many countries. This paper develops…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement
Fitzpatrick, Manuela; Figueroa, Diana Toledo; Golden, Gillian; Crosby, Shiana – OECD Publishing, 2018
This policy profile on education in Kazakhstan is part of the Education Policy Outlook series, which presents comparative analysis of education policies and reforms across Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Building on the OECD's substantial comparative and sectorial policy knowledge base, the series offers a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Equal Education, Educational Quality
Kitchen, Hannah; Fordham, Elizabeth; Henderson, Kirsteen; Looney, Anne; Maghnouj, Soumaya – OECD Publishing, 2017
Romania's education system has made impressive strides over the past two decades, with an increasing share of students mastering the basic competencies that they need for life and work. But these average improvements mask significant disparities in learning outcomes and attainment, with an increasing share of students leaving education early…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Improvement, Educational Assessment, Student Evaluation