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Rachmatullah, Arif; Ha, Minsu; Park, Jisun – South African Journal of Education, 2019
This study demonstrates the relations of the position of education in the correlation between religiosity, and socioeconomic variables by using national-level, and large survey data. We used data from the international survey of 68 countries, and used statistical methods to create the composite scores of every variable. Next, we used Pearson and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Religion, Socioeconomic Status, Cross Cultural Studies
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McFarland, Joel; Hussar, Bill; Zhang, Jijun; Wang, Xiaolei; Wang, Ke; Hein, Sarah; Diliberti, Melissa; Cataldi, Emily Forrest; Mann, Farrah Bullock; Barmer, Amy – National Center for Education Statistics, 2019
The Condition of Education is a congressionally mandated annual report summarizing important developments and trends in education using the latest available data. The 2019 Condition of Education report presents 48 indicators on topics ranging from prekindergarten through postsecondary education, as well as labor force outcomes and international…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Characteristics
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2019
Income inequality has soared in the United States over the past half century. Has educational inequality increased alongside, in lockstep? Despite the topic's importance, surprisingly little scholarship has focused on long-term changes in the size of the achievement gap between students from higher and lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The authors'…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Failure, Advantaged, Academic Achievement
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Abdullah, Abdul Halim; Fadil, Siti Safuraa; Rahman, Sharifah Nurarfah S. Abd; Tahir, Lokman Mohd; Hamzah, Mohd Hilmi – South African Journal of Education, 2019
Higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) mathematical problem-solving was first introduced in the Form-3 assessment (PT3) in 2014. However, to date, there have been no studies of students' ability to solve the mathematical problems in this assessment. Therefore, this study investigated the emerging patterns and problems of HOTS mathematical…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
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Hong, Dae S.; Choi, Kyong Mi – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2018
In this study, we analyzed and compared reasoning and proving opportunities in geometry lessons from American standard-based textbooks and Korean textbooks to understand how these textbooks provide student opportunities to engage in reasoning and proving activities. Overall, around 40% of exercise problems in Core Plus Mathematics Project (CPMP)…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Comparative Analysis, Geometry, Mathematics Instruction
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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Blömeke, Sigrid – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The aim is to describe the development of achievement in compulsory school in the Nordic countries from the 1960s. The study relies on published results concerning literacy and numeracy from the international large-scale assessments between 1964 and 2012. Among others, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) for most countries, a small but…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Compulsory Education, Educational Development, Educational Trends
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Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over time international large-scale assessments have grown in terms of number of studies, cycles, and participating countries, many of which are a heterogeneous mix of economies, languages, cultures, and geography. This heterogeneity has meaningful consequences for comparably measuring both achievement and non-achievement constructs, such as…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Kousa, P.; Kavonius, R.; Aksela, M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
The aims of this study were to determine low-achieving students' attitudes towards chemistry and how the attitudes differ within a low achieving group. The most preferred teaching methods were also defined. Empirical data (n = 2949) were collected by stratified sampling from fifteen-year-old Finnish lower-secondary school students as part of a…
Descriptors: Low Achievement, Student Attitudes, Chemistry, Science Instruction
OECD Publishing, 2018
Equity is a fundamental value and guiding principle of education policy and practice, but it is not necessarily actualised in schools and education systems around the world. There are large variations across PISA-participating countries and economies in the magnitude of the difference that socio-economic status makes in students' learning,…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Social Mobility, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries
Borgonovi, Francesca; Ferrara, Alessandro; Maghnouj, Soumaya – OECD Publishing, 2018
As is the case in most OECD countries, boys in Norway are more likely to have lower levels of academic achievement and attainment than girls. While this phenomenon is not recent, it has become increasingly pronounced in recent years and, as a result, is attracting considerable attention from policy-makers in many countries. This paper develops…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement
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Shanmugam, S. Kanageswari Suppiah – Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction, 2018
Purpose:In an attempt to explore item characteristics that behave differently between boys and girls, this comparative study examines gender Differential Item Functioning in a school culture that is noted to be 'thriving' mathematically. Methodology: Some 24 grade eight mathematics items from TIMSS 2003 and TIMSS 2007 released items, with equal…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Test Bias, Coeducation, Foreign Countries
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Rutkowski, David – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
In this article I advocate for a new discussion in the field of international large-scale assessments; one that calls for a reexamination of international large-scale assessments (ILSAs) and their use. Expanding on the high-quality work in this special issue I focus on three inherent limitations to international large-scale assessments noted by…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Reading Achievement
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Jules, Tavis D.; Sundberg, Kelly Cebold – Global Education Review, 2018
This study uses a quantitative content analysis of learning competences -- as described and prescribed in 21st century frameworks -- and those competences evaluated by international assessments to explore the nexus between recommendation and reality. In drawing insights from the theoretical underpinnings of human capital theory we argue, with…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Creativity, Competence, Content Analysis
Australian Council for Educational Research, 2018
The Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) is one of the world's leading educational research centres. ACER's mission is to create and promote research-based knowledge, products and services that can be used to improve learning across the life span. This annual report describes ACER's milestones and accomplishments for the 2016-2017…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Annual Reports, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students
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van der Berg, Servaas – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2018
Few developing countries participate in external educational evaluations. Information gaps on education quality make it imperative to expand such evaluations. Furthermore, international comparability across different evaluations should be improved. In addition, data from evaluations must be combined with data on access or coverage. Finally,…
Descriptors: International Education, Developing Nations, Outcomes of Education, Socioeconomic Status
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