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House, J. Daniel; Telese, James A. – Education, 2017
Findings from assessments of fourth-grade science have indicated that students in Korea scored higher than international averages. Research results have also shown that attitudes toward science were related to achievement outcomes for Korean students. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between confidence in science and…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Science Instruction, Outcomes of Education, Grade 4
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Kavadias, Dimokritos; Hemmerechts, Kenneth; Spruyt, Bram – Journal of Social Science Education, 2017
Purpose: There is a tendency to assess educational systems in terms of their efficiency in gaining high scores on cognitive skills. Schools perform, however, also a socializing function. The whole policy debate tends to ignore the impact of educational systems on attitudes or democratic values. This contribution focuses on the impact of the…
Descriptors: Socialization, Citizenship Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Scores
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Ahmad, Fatimah; Greenhalgh-Spencer, Heather – Policy Futures in Education, 2017
This paper argues for a more complex literature around gender and math performance. In order to argue for this complexity, we present a small portion of data from a case study examining the performance of Kuwaiti students on the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study and on Kuwait national math tests. Westernized discourses suggest…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, International Assessment
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Traynor, Anne – Educational Assessment, 2017
Variation in test performance among examinees from different regions or national jurisdictions is often partially attributed to differences in the degree of content correspondence between local school or training program curricula, and the test of interest. This posited relationship between test-curriculum correspondence, or "alignment,"…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Construction, Alignment (Education), Curriculum
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Cheng, Qiang; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan – Journal on Mathematics Education, 2017
Using Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 eighth-grade international dataset, this study explored the profiles of instructional practices reported by high- and low-performing mathematics teachers across the US, Finland, Korea, and Russia. Concepts of conceptual teaching and procedural teaching were used to frame the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Tests, International Assessment
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Pongsophon, Pongprapan; Herman, Benjamin C. – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Given the abundance of literature describing the strong relationship between inquiry-based teaching and student achievement, more should be known about the factors impacting science teachers' classroom inquiry implementation. This study utilises the theory of planned behaviour to propose and validate a causal model of inquiry-based teaching…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Academic Achievement, Correlation, Achievement Tests
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Komatsu, Hikaru; Rappleye, Jeremy – Comparative Education, 2017
Several recent, highly influential comparative studies have made strong statistical claims that improvements on global learning assessments such as PISA will lead to higher GDP growth rates. These claims have provided the primary source of legitimation for policy reforms championed by leading international organisations, most notably the World…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Statistical Analysis, Comparative Education, Economic Factors
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Li, Hongli; Qin, Qi; Lei, Pui-Wa – Educational Assessment, 2017
In recent years, students' test scores have been used to evaluate teachers' performance. The assumption underlying this practice is that students' test performance reflects teachers' instruction. However, this assumption is generally not empirically tested. In this study, we examine the effect of teachers' instruction on test performance at the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Achievement
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Schmidt, William H.; Burroughs, Nathan A.; Cogan, Leland S.; Houang, Richard T. – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2017
International comparative studies in education provide a fresh perspective on K-12 education policy by enabling countries to learn from each other's approaches. The recently conducted Teacher Education and Development Study--Mathematics provides a worldwide lens by which to examine the role of subject-matter in the preparation of US teachers of…
Descriptors: Teacher Education, International Education, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis
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Bourke, Terri; Lane, Rod – International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 2017
An initial call by the editors of International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education prompted a study about the inclusion of geography in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) tests. This study found that the geography education community were overwhelmingly in favour of such a move, believing that the…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Geography, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Smith, Daniel Scott; Wendt, Heike; Kasper, Daniel – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2017
To understand the relationship between social background and sex in schooling, we use Bourdieu's theory of social reproduction and a feminist perspective of gender as practice. We pose two questions: (1) What is the relationship between economic and cultural capital and achievement for 4th-grade females versus males studying in Germany? (2) Is the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sex Education, Social Influences, Gender Differences
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Lim, Hwanggyu; Sireci, Stephen G. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2017
The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) makes it possible to compare the performance of students in the US in Mathematics and Science to the performance of students in other countries. TIMSS uses four international benchmarks for describing student achievement: Low, Intermediate, High, and Advanced. In this study, we…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests, International Assessment
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Qian, Xiaoyu; Nandakumar, Ratna; Glutting, Joseoph; Ford, Danielle; Fifield, Steve – ETS Research Report Series, 2017
In this study, we investigated gender and minority achievement gaps on 8th-grade science items employing a multilevel item response methodology. Both gaps were wider on physics and earth science items than on biology and chemistry items. Larger gender gaps were found on items with specific topics favoring male students than other items, for…
Descriptors: Item Analysis, Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Grade 8
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Long, Caroline; Wendt, Heike – African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 2017
South Africa participated in TIMSS from 1995 to 2015. Over these two decades, some positive changes have been reported on the aggregated mathematics performance patterns of South African learners. This paper focuses on the achievement patterns of South Africa's high-performing Grade 9 learners (n = 3378) in comparison with similar subsamples of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Multiplication, Comparative Education
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He, Jia; Van de Vijver, Fons J. R.; Kulikova, Alena – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2017
Linking country-level educational achievement with other country-level indicators has the potential to drive systemic educational changes, as these correlates may reflect characteristics relevant for policy-making decisions to improve educational effectiveness. This study establishes a nomological network of educational achievement at the country…
Descriptors: Correlation, Academic Achievement, Self Esteem, Achievement Tests
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