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Showing 1 to 15 of 23 results Save | Export
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Meinck, Sabine; Brese, Falk – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2019
Potential differences in achievement between female and male students have always been an interesting topic in educational research, as well as having policy and economic implications. This study provides an overview of the so-called "gender gap" in mathematics and science knowledge, based on an in-depth analysis of both extremes of…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Gender Differences, Evidence, Achievement Tests
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Hole, Arne; Grønmo, Liv Sissel; Onstad, Torgeir – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
Background: This paper discusses a framework for analyzing the dependence on mathematical theory in test items, that is, a framework for discussing to what extent knowledge of mathematical theory is helpful for the student in solving the item. The framework can be applied to any test in which some knowledge of mathematical theory may be useful,…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students
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Lorah, Julie – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
Effect size reporting is crucial for interpretation of applied research results and for conducting meta-analysis. However, clear guidelines for reporting effect size in multilevel models have not been provided. This report suggests and demonstrates appropriate effect size measures including the ICC for random effects and standardized regression…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Definitions, Regression (Statistics)
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Fishbein, Bethany; Martin, Michael O.; Mullis, Ina V. S.; Foy, Pierre – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
Background: TIMSS 2019 is the first assessment in the TIMSS transition to a computer-based assessment system, called eTIMSS. The TIMSS 2019 Item Equivalence Study was conducted in advance of the field test in 2017 to examine the potential for mode effects on the psychometric behavior of the TIMSS mathematics and science trend items induced by the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Mathematics Tests, Elementary Secondary Education
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Caro, Daniel H. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
This paper examines the mediating role of parental literacy and numeracy involvement before the child entered school in the relationship between family socio-economic status (SES) and students' interest in reading and mathematics. Causal mediation analysis is applied to international assessment data from the Trends in International Mathematics and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Parent Child Relationship, Literacy, Numeracy
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Meinck, Sabine; Cortes, Diego; Tieck, Sabine – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Survey participation rates can have a direct impact on the validity of the data collected since nonresponse always holds the risk of bias. Therefore, the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) has set very high standards for minimum survey participation rates. Nonresponse in IEA studies varies between studies…
Descriptors: Response Rates (Questionnaires), Bias, Educational Assessment, Questionnaires
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Bofah, Emmanuel Adu-tutu; Hannula, Markku S. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
In large scale international assessment studies, questionnaires are typical used to query students' home possessions. Composite scores are computed from responses to the home resource questionnaires and are used as a measure of family socioeconomic background in achievement comparison or for statistical control. This paper deals with profiling the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, International Assessment, Scores
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Braun, Henry; von Davier, Matthias – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Economists are making increasing use of measures of student achievement obtained through large-scale survey assessments such as NAEP, TIMSS, and PISA. The construction of these measures, employing plausible value (PV) methodology, is quite different from that of the more familiar test scores associated with assessments such as the SAT…
Descriptors: Scores, Test Use, Measurement, Psychometrics
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Wendt, Heike; Kasper, Daniel; Trendtel, Matthias – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Large-scale cross-national studies designed to measure student achievement use different social, cultural, economic and other background variables to explain observed differences in that achievement. Prior to their inclusion into a prediction model, these variables are commonly scaled into latent background indices. To allow…
Descriptors: Measurement, Achievement Tests, Cultural Differences, Socioeconomic Influences
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Caponera, Elisa; Losito, Bruno – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
Background: The present study investigates what factors related to the school context influence student achievement on TIMSS mathematics tests across countries. A systematic review of the literature on PIRLS, TIMSS, and ICCS was conducted upstream to identify those school, teacher, and classroom factors shown to be useful predictors of student…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Academic Achievement, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries
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Rutkowski, David; Delandshere, Ginette – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
To answer the calls for stronger evidence by the policy community, educational researchers and their associated organizations increasingly demand more studies that can yield causal inferences. International large scale assessments (ILSAs) have been targeted as a rich data sources for causal research. It is in this context that we take up a…
Descriptors: Inferences, Educational Research, Attribution Theory, Educational Policy
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Matsubara, Kenji; Hagiwara, Yasuhito; Saruta, Yuji – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
This study statistically investigates the characteristics of the intended curriculum for Japanese primary science, focusing on the learning content. The study used the TIMSS 2011 Grade 4 Curriculum Questionnaire data as a major source for the learning content prescribed at the national level. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to determine the…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Elementary School Students, Science Curriculum, Questionnaires
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van Rijn, Peter W.; Sinharay, Sandip; Haberman, Shelby J.; Johnson, Matthew S. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
Latent regression models are used for score-reporting purposes in large-scale educational survey assessments such as the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) and Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). One component of these models is based on item response theory. While there exists some research on assessment…
Descriptors: Goodness of Fit, Item Response Theory, Regression (Statistics), National Competency Tests
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Yang Hansen, Kajsa; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
Background: In a previous study, the total, direct and indirect effects of parental education on reading, mathematics and science achievement have been estimated for Grade 4 pupils of 37 countries that participated in PIRLS and TIMSS 2011 studies (Gustafsson et al. in "TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships among reading, mathematics, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Correlation, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education
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Jin, Ying; Kang, Minsoo – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
Background: The current study compared four differential item functioning (DIF) methods to examine their performances in terms of accounting for dual dependency (i.e., person and item clustering effects) simultaneously by a simulation study, which is not sufficiently studied under the current DIF literature. The four methods compared are logistic…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Test Bias, Simulation, Regression (Statistics)
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