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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric; Blömeke, Sigrid – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The aim is to describe the development of achievement in compulsory school in the Nordic countries from the 1960s. The study relies on published results concerning literacy and numeracy from the international large-scale assessments between 1964 and 2012. Among others, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) for most countries, a small but…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Compulsory Education, Educational Development, Educational Trends
Nilsen, Trude; Blömeke, Sigrid; Hansen, Kajsa Yang; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2016
In most countries, students' socioeconomic status (SES) is strongly related to their educational achievement: the higher a student's SES, the higher his or her achievement scores, and vice versa. This lack of equity in student outcomes is of great concern to policy makers because educational achievement should not depend on family background. This…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Developing Nations, Institutional Characteristics
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Yang Hansen, Kajsa; Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
Background: In a previous study, the total, direct and indirect effects of parental education on reading, mathematics and science achievement have been estimated for Grade 4 pupils of 37 countries that participated in PIRLS and TIMSS 2011 studies (Gustafsson et al. in "TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships among reading, mathematics, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Correlation, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education
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Gustafsson, Jan-Eric – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2013
In educational effectiveness research, it frequently has proven difficult to make credible inferences about cause and effect relations. The article first identifies the main categories of threats to valid causal inference from observational data, and discusses designs and analytic approaches which protect against them. With the use of data from 22…
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Homework, Mathematics Achievement, Regression (Statistics)