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Khavenson, Tatiana; Carnoy, Martin – Oxford Review of Education, 2016
In this paper, we try to unravel some of the unintended and intended academic effects associated with post-Soviet educational reforms by focusing on three cases: Estonia, Latvia and Russia. We have chosen this comparison because a unique "natural experiment" in the three countries allows us to compare the changing academic performance on…
Descriptors: Social Change, Social Systems, Academic Achievement, Russian
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Carnoy, Martin; Khavenson, Tatiana; Loyalka, Prashant; Schmidt, William H.; Zakharov, Andrey – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
International assessments, such as the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), are being used to recommend educational policies to improve student achievement. This study shows that the cross-sectional estimates behind such recommendations may be biased. We use a unique data set from one country that applied the PISA mathematics test…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Outcomes of Education, Longitudinal Studies, Achievement Tests
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Carnoy, Martin; Khavenson, Tatiana; Ivanova, Alina – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2015
In this paper, we develop a multi-level comparative approach to analyse Trends in International Mathematics and Science Survey (TIMSS) and Programme of International Student Achievement (PISA) mathematics results for a country, Russia, where the two tests provide contradictory information about students' relative performance. Russian students do…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Educational Policy, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement
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Carnoy, Martin – National Education Policy Center, 2015
Stanford education professor Martin Carnoy examines four main critiques of how international test results are used in policymaking. Of particular interest are critiques of the policy analyses published by the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). Using average PISA scores as a comparative measure of student achievement is misleading…
Descriptors: Criticism, Reputation, Test Validity, Error of Measurement