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Rutkowski, David; Rutkowski, Leslie – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2018
Over the past two decades, there has been rapid growth in understanding of bullying in schools and its many negative effects. The reported incidence of bullying and other school violence has increased over time, and UNESCO recently estimated that 246 million children and adolescents experience violence in and around school every year (UNESCO…
Descriptors: Bullying, Violence, Foreign Countries, Prevention
Chavatzia, Theophania; Engel, Laura; Hastedt, Dirk – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2016
Girls and women, especially the most vulnerable, are more likely to be excluded from education than their male counterparts. Exclusion and gender disparities in access to and performance in education are also observed among immigrant children, with immigrant girls often being the most disadvantaged. Data from the International Association for the…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Females, Gender Differences, Gender Bias
Clavel, Jose G.; Crespo, Francisco Javier G.; Méndez, Ildefonso – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2016
The different strategies and methodologies used by teachers in their day-to-day activity may have an impact on the academic performance of their students. Indexes constructed to summarize how teachers address different teaching tasks can be used to quantify the teaching activities' associations with academic results. In the IEA's Trends in…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Science Achievement
Martin, Michael O., Ed.; Mullis, Ina V. S., Ed. – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2013
TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) is an international assessment of mathematics and science at the fourth and eighth grades that has been conducted every four years since 1995, with the most recent assessment in 2011. PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) is an international assessment of reading…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Grade 4