ERIC Number: EJ1094432
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
PISA and TIMSS Science Score, Which Clock Is More Accurate to Indicate National Science and Technology Competitiveness?
Shi, Wei-Zhao; He, Xiqin; Wang, Yan; Fan, Zeng-Guang; Guo, Liangdong
EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, v12 n4 p965-974 Apr 2016
In 2015, PISA and TIMSS are coming up to us together. In this study, the data from PISA and TIMSS are used to investigate that which one is a better indicator of national science and technology (S&T) competitiveness? Number of S & T journal articles (per million people) is used as a measure to represent the national S&T competitiveness. Average IQ of the population, research and development (R&D) expenditure (% of GDP) and number of R&D researchers and technicians which affect the national competitiveness in S&T were also investigated. The study shows that PISA science scores would more significantly indicate national S&T competitiveness than TIMSS. Moreover, the study also shows a strong link between competence in S&T and IQ, research and development expenditure (% of GDP) or number of research and development researchers and technicians. Some possible micro-foundations of these relationships are discussed, and policy implication is clear.
Descriptors: International Assessment, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Tests, Science Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Science Achievement, Educational Indicators, Competition, Technology Education, Intelligence Quotient, Scores, Comparative Analysis, Research and Development, Comparative Education, Regression (Statistics), Human Capital, Competence
EURASIA. Gazi Egitim Fakultesi, K Blok 210, Teknikokullar, Ankara, 06500 Turkey. Tel: +90-312-202-8192; Fax: +90-312-222-8483; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.ejmste.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Asia; China; Hong Kong; Israel; Japan; Singapore; South Korea
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment; Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study