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Smith, William C. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2014
To ensure equal access to high quality education, the global expansion of universal basic education has included accountability measures in the form of academic tests. Presently the majority of countries participate in national testing; however, the past two decades have seen a substantial shift in test characteristics and aims. This article…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Global Approach, Standardized Tests, Educational History
Eurydice, 2009
There is an extensive structure of formal student assessment in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Although the structures in each of these countries were similar when they were initially introduced two decades ago, they have increasingly diverged over the last decade. This national description outlines the development of statutory assessment…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrative Organization, Context Effect, Educational Assessment