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Walkington, Candace; Clinton, Virginia; Shivraj, Pooja – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between reading and mathematics achievement is well known, and an important question is whether readability factors in mathematics problems are differentially impacting student groups. Using 20 years of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, we examine how…
Descriptors: Readability, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
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Traynor, Anne – Educational Assessment, 2017
Variation in test performance among examinees from different regions or national jurisdictions is often partially attributed to differences in the degree of content correspondence between local school or training program curricula, and the test of interest. This posited relationship between test-curriculum correspondence, or "alignment,"…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Construction, Alignment (Education), Curriculum
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Braun, Henry; von Davier, Matthias – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Economists are making increasing use of measures of student achievement obtained through large-scale survey assessments such as NAEP, TIMSS, and PISA. The construction of these measures, employing plausible value (PV) methodology, is quite different from that of the more familiar test scores associated with assessments such as the SAT…
Descriptors: Scores, Test Use, Measurement, Psychometrics
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Traynor, Anne – Applied Measurement in Education, 2017
It has long been argued that U.S. states' differential performance on nationwide assessments may reflect differences in students' opportunity to learn the tested content that is primarily due to variation in curricular content standards, rather than in instructional quality or educational investment. To quantify the effect of differences in…
Descriptors: Test Items, Difficulty Level, State Standards, Academic Standards
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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Pollock, Amanda; Fineman, Bonnie; Pezaris, Elizabeth – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated longitudinal pathways leading from early spatial skills in first-grade girls to their fifth-grade analytical math reasoning abilities (N = 138). First-grade assessments included spatial skills, verbal skills, addition/subtraction skills, and frequency of choice of a decomposition or retrieval strategy on the…
Descriptors: Females, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Predictor Variables
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Jitendra, Asha K.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; Star, Jon R.; Rodriguez, Michael C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
This study examined the effect of schema-based instruction (SBI) on the proportional problem-solving performance of students with mathematics difficulties only (MD) and students with mathematics and reading difficulties (MDRD). Specifically, we examined the responsiveness of 260 seventh grade students identified as MD or MDRD to a 6-week treatment…
Descriptors: Schemata (Cognition), Teaching Methods, Problem Solving, Mathematical Logic
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Eklöf, Hanna; Pavešic, Barbara Japelj; Grønmo, Liv Sissel – Applied Measurement in Education, 2014
The purpose of the study was to measure students' reported test-taking effort and the relationship between reported effort and performance on the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) Advanced mathematics test. This was done in three countries participating in TIMSS Advanced 2008 (Sweden, Norway, and Slovenia), and the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Tests, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Correlation
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
The 2012 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 48th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: School Statistics, Definitions, Tables (Data), Longitudinal Studies
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Schmidt, William H.; Houang, Richard T. – Educational Researcher, 2012
In this work, we explored the relationship of the Common Core State Standards in Mathematics (CCSSM) to student achievement. Building on techniques developed for the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), we found a very high degree of similarity between CCSSM and the standards of the highest-achieving nations on the 1995…
Descriptors: State Standards, Academic Standards, Statistical Analysis, National Competency Tests
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2012
The 2011 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 47th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The "Digest" has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Data Collection, Data Analysis, Error Patterns
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Shaw, Barbara J.; Ruedas, Luis A. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2012
Two-thirds of U.S. citizens do not understand the scientific process. There is a clear misunderstanding about what science is--and is not--both in our society and in the classroom. Furthermore, students below basic proficiency are locked into an achievement gap. In response, the No Child Left Behind Act was passed in 2001. Since then, there has…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, National Competency Tests, Grade 3, Grade 4
Achieve, Inc., 2010
U.S. students have consistently lagged behind their peers in other nations on international science assessments--a performance increasingly at odds with the challenge of being able to live and compete in a global environment, powered by innovations in science, engineering and technology. A strong foundation in science is clearly critical if…
Descriptors: Science Education, Employment Opportunities, Current Events, Democracy
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Burns, Shelley, Ed.; Wang, Xiaolei, Ed.; Henning, Alexandra, Ed. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
Since its inception, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) has been committed to the practice of documenting its statistical methods for its customers and of seeking to avoid misinterpretation of its published data. The reason for this policy is to assure customers that proper statistical standards and techniques have been observed,…
Descriptors: National Surveys, Data Processing, Statistical Data, Data Collection
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Annetta, Leonard A.; Dotger, Sharon – EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 2006
Training preservice teachers to develop a predisposition toward constructivist instruction is a major goal for many faculty in teacher education. One critical attribute of a constructivist teacher is a strong hold on pedagogical content knowledge. This study examined the prior knowledge of preservice science teachers and how that knowledge aligned…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Preservice Teachers, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Constructivism (Learning)
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Wirt, John; Choy, Susan; Gerald, Debra; Provasnik, Stephen; Rooney, Patrick; Watanabe, Satoshi; Tobin, Richard; Glander, Mark – National Center for Education Statistics, 2001
To ensure reliable, accurate, and timely data, which are necessary to monitor the progress of education in the United States, Congress has mandated that the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) produce an annual report, "The Condition of Education." This year's report presents 59 indicators of important developments and trends…
Descriptors: Annual Reports, School Statistics, Educational Trends, Educational Indicators