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Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2019
Income inequality has soared in the United States over the past half century. Has educational inequality increased alongside, in lockstep? Despite the topic's importance, surprisingly little scholarship has focused on long-term changes in the size of the achievement gap between students from higher and lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The authors'…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Failure, Advantaged, Academic Achievement
Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
Concerns about the breadth of the U.S. income distribution and limited intergenerational mobility have led to a focus on educational achievement gaps by socio-economic status (SES). Using intertemporally linked assessments from NAEP, TIMSS, and PISA, we trace the achievement of U.S. student cohorts born between 1954 and 2001. Achievement gaps…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Influences
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Walkington, Candace; Clinton, Virginia; Shivraj, Pooja – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between reading and mathematics achievement is well known, and an important question is whether readability factors in mathematics problems are differentially impacting student groups. Using 20 years of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, we examine how…
Descriptors: Readability, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Woessmann, Ludger; Peterson, Paul E. – Education Next, 2012
In a report issued in 2010, the authors found only 6 percent of U.S. students performing at the advanced level in mathematics, a percentage lower than those attained by 30 other countries. And the problem is not limited to top-performing students. In 2011, they showed that just 32 percent of 8th graders in the United States were proficient in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Science Achievement, Educational Change
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Lee, Jaekyung – Educational Researcher, 2012
This study addresses missing links in "college for all" debates by investigating gaps between actual and desirable math achievement trajectories for students' college readiness. Linking multiple national data sets across P-16 education levels, the study estimates college readiness benchmarks separately for two-year and four-year college…
Descriptors: College Preparation, Academic Achievement, College Readiness, Higher Education
Loveless, Tom – Brookings Institution, 2012
This edition of the Brown Center Report on American Education marks the first issue of volume three--and eleventh issue over all. The first installment was published in 2000, just as the Presidential campaigns of George W. Bush and Al Gore were winding down. Education was an important issue in that campaign. It has not been thus far in the current…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, State Standards, Educational Improvement, Academic Achievement
Kober, Nancy; Usher, Alexandra – Center on Education Policy, 2012
Public education matters, whether you're a student, parent, teacher, administrator, employer, or taxpayer. Although you undoubtedly know something about public education, you may be unaware of important facts about the U.S. educational system or may be surprised to learn how things have changed in recent years. This edition of "A Public…
Descriptors: Public Education, School Location, Student Mobility, School Choice
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Shaw, Barbara J.; Ruedas, Luis A. – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2012
Two-thirds of U.S. citizens do not understand the scientific process. There is a clear misunderstanding about what science is--and is not--both in our society and in the classroom. Furthermore, students below basic proficiency are locked into an achievement gap. In response, the No Child Left Behind Act was passed in 2001. Since then, there has…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, National Competency Tests, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Santau, Alexandra O.; Maerten-Rivera, Jaime L.; Huggins, Anne Corinne – Science Education, 2011
As part of a 5-year professional development intervention aimed at improving science and literacy achievement of English language learning (ELL) students in urban elementary schools, this study examined fourth-grade students' science achievement across a 3-year (2005-2008) implementation of our professional development intervention consisting of…
Descriptors: Intervention, Achievement Gains, Second Language Learning, Teacher Workshops
Kober, Nancy; Rentner, Diane Stark; Jennings, Jack – Center on Education Policy, 2006
Public education matters, whether one is a student, parent, teacher, volunteer, employer, employee, or taxpayer. Although an individual undoubtedly knows something about public education, he may be unaware of important facts about the U.S. education system or may be surprised to learn how things have changed in recent years. In this primer on…
Descriptors: Public Education, School Location, School Choice, Home Schooling
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Wirt, John; Choy, Susan; Gerald, Debra; Provasnik, Stephen; Rooney, Patrick; Watanabe, Satoshi; Tobin, Richard; Glander, Mark – National Center for Education Statistics, 2001
To ensure reliable, accurate, and timely data, which are necessary to monitor the progress of education in the United States, Congress has mandated that the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) produce an annual report, "The Condition of Education." This year's report presents 59 indicators of important developments and trends…
Descriptors: Annual Reports, School Statistics, Educational Trends, Educational Indicators