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Traynor, Anne – Educational Assessment, 2017
Variation in test performance among examinees from different regions or national jurisdictions is often partially attributed to differences in the degree of content correspondence between local school or training program curricula, and the test of interest. This posited relationship between test-curriculum correspondence, or "alignment,"…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Construction, Alignment (Education), Curriculum
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Traynor, Anne – Applied Measurement in Education, 2017
It has long been argued that U.S. states' differential performance on nationwide assessments may reflect differences in students' opportunity to learn the tested content that is primarily due to variation in curricular content standards, rather than in instructional quality or educational investment. To quantify the effect of differences in…
Descriptors: Test Items, Difficulty Level, State Standards, Academic Standards
Loney, Emily – Hunt Institute, 2014
Innovation and ingenuity have long been hallmarks of the U.S.' economy. Our competitive strength is built on the legacy of great innovators--from Alexander Graham Bell and Lewis Latimer to the Wright brothers and Steve Jobs. The U.S. has prized its status as a leader in developing creative thinkers and entrepreneurs, but by many estimates, it is…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Achievement, Science Course Improvement Projects, Context Effect
Council of Chief State School Officers, 2009
In Fall 2008, the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) conducted an alignment content analysis of the 2007 TIMSS Mathematics and Science education assessments for students at grades 4 and 8 and the 2006 PISA Mathematics and Science Literacy assessments for students at age 15 (i.e., TIMSS--Trends in Mathematics and Science Study,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Tests, Science Tests, Content Analysis, Alignment (Education)