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Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019
Concerns about the breadth of the U.S. income distribution and limited intergenerational mobility have led to a focus on educational achievement gaps by socio-economic status (SES). Using intertemporally linked assessments from NAEP, TIMSS, and PISA, we trace the achievement of U.S. student cohorts born between 1954 and 2001. Achievement gaps…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Influences
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McFarland, Joel; Hussar, Bill; Zhang, Jijun; Wang, Xiaolei; Wang, Ke; Hein, Sarah; Diliberti, Melissa; Cataldi, Emily Forrest; Mann, Farrah Bullock; Barmer, Amy – National Center for Education Statistics, 2019
The Condition of Education is a congressionally mandated annual report summarizing important developments and trends in education using the latest available data. The 2019 Condition of Education report presents 48 indicators on topics ranging from prekindergarten through postsecondary education, as well as labor force outcomes and international…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Characteristics
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2019
Income inequality has soared in the United States over the past half century. Has educational inequality increased alongside, in lockstep? Despite the topic's importance, surprisingly little scholarship has focused on long-term changes in the size of the achievement gap between students from higher and lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The authors'…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Failure, Advantaged, Academic Achievement
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KewalRamani, Angelina; Zhang, Jijun; Wang, Xiaolei; Rathbun, Amy; Corcoran, Lisa; Diliberti, Melissa; Zhang, Jizhi – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
Educators, policymakers, and parents alike are focused on ensuring the academic success of the nation's students. These efforts interact with the expanding use of technology, which affects the lives of students both inside and outside of the classroom. Thus, the role that technology plays in education is an evolving area of research that continues…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Access to Computers, Internet, Computer Use
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Walkington, Candace; Clinton, Virginia; Shivraj, Pooja – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between reading and mathematics achievement is well known, and an important question is whether readability factors in mathematics problems are differentially impacting student groups. Using 20 years of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, we examine how…
Descriptors: Readability, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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McFarland, Joel; Hussar, Bill; de Brey, Cristobal; Snyder, Tom; Wang, Xiaolei; Wilkinson-Flicker, Sidney; Gebrekristos, Semhar; Zhang, Jijun; Rathbun, Amy; Barmer, Amy; Bullock Mann, Farrah; Hinz, Serena – National Center for Education Statistics, 2017
"The Condition of Education 2017" is a congressionally mandated annual report summarizing the latest data on education in the United States. This report is designed to help policymakers and the public monitor educational progress. This year's report includes 50 indicators on topics ranging from prekindergarten through postsecondary…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Preschool Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education
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Traynor, Anne – Educational Assessment, 2017
Variation in test performance among examinees from different regions or national jurisdictions is often partially attributed to differences in the degree of content correspondence between local school or training program curricula, and the test of interest. This posited relationship between test-curriculum correspondence, or "alignment,"…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Construction, Alignment (Education), Curriculum
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Braun, Henry; von Davier, Matthias – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Economists are making increasing use of measures of student achievement obtained through large-scale survey assessments such as NAEP, TIMSS, and PISA. The construction of these measures, employing plausible value (PV) methodology, is quite different from that of the more familiar test scores associated with assessments such as the SAT…
Descriptors: Scores, Test Use, Measurement, Psychometrics
Blazar, David; Kraft, Matthew A. – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2017
Research has focused predominantly on how teachers affect students' achievement on standardized tests despite evidence that a broad range of attitudes and behaviors are equally important to their long-term success. We find that upper-elementary teachers have large effects on self-reported measures of students' self-efficacy in math, and happiness…
Descriptors: Teacher Influence, Mathematics Achievement, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Ruhose, Jens; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2016
Congress passed the Every Student Succeeds Act, supplanting No Child Left Behind and placing responsibility for public school improvement squarely upon each of the 50 states. With the federal government's role in school accountability sharply diminished, it now falls to state and local governments to take decisive action. Even though most…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Economic Impact, Academic Achievement, Educational Improvement
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Llosa, Lorena; Lee, Okhee; Jiang, Feng; Haas, Alison; O'Connor, Corey; Van Booven, Christopher D.; Kieffer, Michael J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
The authors evaluated the effects of P-SELL, a science curricular and professional development intervention for fifth-grade students with a focus on English language learners (ELLs). Using a randomized controlled trial design with 33 treatment and 33 control schools across three school districts in one state, we found significant and meaningfully…
Descriptors: Intervention, Science Education, Science Course Improvement Projects, Program Effectiveness
Loveless, Tom – Brookings Institution, 2016
The 2016 edition of the Brown Center Report (BCR) is number five in the third volume and the 15th issue overall. As is customary, this year's BCR contains three studies. Part one is on the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and instruction in math and reading. National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) data indicate that nonfiction is…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Advanced Placement Programs
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Sachse, Karoline A.; Roppelt, Alexander; Haag, Nicole – Journal of Educational Measurement, 2016
Trend estimation in international comparative large-scale assessments relies on measurement invariance between countries. However, cross-national differential item functioning (DIF) has been repeatedly documented. We ran a simulation study using national item parameters, which required trends to be computed separately for each country, to compare…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Measurement, Test Bias, Simulation
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Jitendra, Asha K.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; Star, Jon R.; Rodriguez, Michael C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
This study examined the effect of schema-based instruction (SBI) on the proportional problem-solving performance of students with mathematics difficulties only (MD) and students with mathematics and reading difficulties (MDRD). Specifically, we examined the responsiveness of 260 seventh grade students identified as MD or MDRD to a 6-week treatment…
Descriptors: Schemata (Cognition), Teaching Methods, Problem Solving, Mathematical Logic
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