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Hanushek, Eric A.; Peterson, Paul E.; Talpey, Laura M.; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2019
Income inequality has soared in the United States over the past half century. Has educational inequality increased alongside, in lockstep? Despite the topic's importance, surprisingly little scholarship has focused on long-term changes in the size of the achievement gap between students from higher and lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The authors'…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Failure, Advantaged, Academic Achievement
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McFarland, Joel; Hussar, Bill; Zhang, Jijun; Wang, Xiaolei; Wang, Ke; Hein, Sarah; Diliberti, Melissa; Cataldi, Emily Forrest; Mann, Farrah Bullock; Barmer, Amy – National Center for Education Statistics, 2019
The Condition of Education is a congressionally mandated annual report summarizing important developments and trends in education using the latest available data. The 2019 Condition of Education report presents 48 indicators on topics ranging from prekindergarten through postsecondary education, as well as labor force outcomes and international…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Characteristics
Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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McFarland, Joel; Hussar, Bill; de Brey, Cristobal; Snyder, Tom; Wang, Xiaolei; Wilkinson-Flicker, Sidney; Gebrekristos, Semhar; Zhang, Jijun; Rathbun, Amy; Barmer, Amy; Bullock Mann, Farrah; Hinz, Serena – National Center for Education Statistics, 2017
"The Condition of Education 2017" is a congressionally mandated annual report summarizing the latest data on education in the United States. This report is designed to help policymakers and the public monitor educational progress. This year's report includes 50 indicators on topics ranging from prekindergarten through postsecondary…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Preschool Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Postsecondary Education
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Braun, Henry; von Davier, Matthias – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Economists are making increasing use of measures of student achievement obtained through large-scale survey assessments such as NAEP, TIMSS, and PISA. The construction of these measures, employing plausible value (PV) methodology, is quite different from that of the more familiar test scores associated with assessments such as the SAT…
Descriptors: Scores, Test Use, Measurement, Psychometrics
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Ruhose, Jens; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2016
Congress passed the Every Student Succeeds Act, supplanting No Child Left Behind and placing responsibility for public school improvement squarely upon each of the 50 states. With the federal government's role in school accountability sharply diminished, it now falls to state and local governments to take decisive action. Even though most…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Economic Impact, Academic Achievement, Educational Improvement
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Sachse, Karoline A.; Roppelt, Alexander; Haag, Nicole – Journal of Educational Measurement, 2016
Trend estimation in international comparative large-scale assessments relies on measurement invariance between countries. However, cross-national differential item functioning (DIF) has been repeatedly documented. We ran a simulation study using national item parameters, which required trends to be computed separately for each country, to compare…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Measurement, Test Bias, Simulation
Lyons, Douglas; Niblock, Andrew W. – Independent School, 2014
Independent schools are, for the most part, exempt from mandatory participation in standardized tests designed for state and federal comparisons, nor are they required to take part in comparative international assessments. The anxiety in the broader culture, however, is driving a growing interest among independent school parents (and prospective…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Educational Practices
Florida Department of Education, 2014
This Annual Measurable Objective (AMO) is designed to keep Florida moving forward toward national and international competitiveness. Florida will compare its National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) scores to those of the top five states and its Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), Progress in International…
Descriptors: Compliance (Legal), National Competency Tests, International Assessment, Foreign Countries
Yuan, Kun; Le, Vi-Nhuan – RAND Corporation, 2014
In 2010, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation's Education Program has established the Deeper Learning Initiative, which focuses on students' development of deeper learning skills (i.e., the mastery of core academic content, critical-thinking, problem-solving, collaboration, communication, and "learn-how-to-learn" skills). Two test…
Descriptors: Test Items, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Skill Development
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Schuelka, Matthew J. – Journal of Education Policy, 2013
International tests of achievement narrowly measure specific academic subjects, but have larger educational policy implications. These tests come to summarize national education systems and are used in national and international discourse. However, students with disabilities are being entirely excluded from participation in the discourse of…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disability Discrimination, Standardized Tests, Achievement Tests
Di Giacomo, F. Tony; Fishbein, Bethany G.; Buckley, Vanessa W. – College Board, 2013
Many articles and reports have reviewed, researched, and commented on international assessments from the perspective of exploring what is relevant for the United States' education systems. Researchers make claims about whether the top-performing systems have transferable practices or policies that could be applied to the United States. However,…
Descriptors: Comparative Testing, International Assessment, Relevance (Education), Testing Programs
Loveless, Tom – Brookings Institution, 2011
This edition of the Brown Center Report marks the tenth issue of the series and the final issue of Volume II. The publication began in 2000 with Bill Clinton in the White House and the Bush-Gore presidential campaign building toward its dramatic conclusion. That first report was organized in a three-part structure that all subsequent Brown Center…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, National Competency Tests, Scores, Reading Achievement
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Scheessele, Michael R. – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2007
In "The two cultures and the scientific revolution," C.P. Snow (1959) described the chasm between pure and applied science, on the one hand, and the arts and humanities, on the other. Snow was concerned that the complete lack of understanding between these "two cultures" would hamper the spread of the scientific/industrial…
Descriptors: Culture, Sciences, Art, Humanities