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Showing 1 to 15 of 105 results Save | Export
Witcher, Melissa; Feng, Jay – Online Submission, 2010
Current educational reform in K-12 schools in this nation is much driven by the No Child Left Behind Act. One central goal of NCLB is to "bring all students (including special education children) up to grade level in reading and math, to close the achievement gap and to hold schools accountable for results"( Varied innovative…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 5, Mathematics Achievement
Sedere, Upali M. – Online Submission, 2010
Stress is simply the body's response to changes that create taxing demands. When one cannot cope with it, these cause distresses. Stress is not always bad. The manageable stress motivates individuals to achieve what he/she wishes to achieve. When one can cope with stress it is called "eustress" which is good. Education in many countries…
Descriptors: Failure, Fear, Anxiety, Stress Management
Winters, Marcus; Greene, Jay P.; Ritter, Gary; Marsh, Ryan – National Center on Performance Incentives, 2008
This paper examines evidence from a performance-pay program implemented in five Little Rock, Arkansas elementary schools between 2004 and 2007. Using a differences-in-differences approach, the evidence shows that students whose teachers were eligible for performance pay made substantially larger test score gains in math, reading, and language than…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Academic Achievement, Scores, Teacher Salaries
Wade, Patricia A.; Schuh, Kathy L. – Online Submission, 2006
This two-year study explored the academic lives of three boys in a combined fifth-sixth grade classroom. As these case studies illustrate, viewing students' academic worlds from multiple perspectives can lead to more accurate, comprehensive evaluations and efficacious adaptations of students' learning environments. Richard Snow's aptitude theory…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Aptitude, Academic Achievement, Cognitive Style
Kim, Dong-In; Brennan, Robert; Kolen, Michael – 2002
Four equating methods were compared using four equating criteria: first-order equity (FOE), second-order equity (SOE), conditional mean squared error (CMSE) difference, and the equipercentile equating property. The four methods were: (1) three parameter logistic (3PL) model true score equating; (2) 3PL observed score equating; (3) beta 4 true…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Criteria, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
Bishop, N. Scott; Omar, Md Hafidz – 2002
Previous research has shown that testlet structures often violate important assumptions of dichotomous item response theory (D-IRT) models, applied to item-level scores, that can in turn affect the results of many measurement applications. In this situation, polytomous IRT (P-IRT) models, applied to testlet-level scores, have been used as an…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
Rugutt, John K.; Ellett, Chad D. – 2001
This study investigated whether individual change over time in mathematics and language differs from student to student and whether individual parameters of each of these domains were related within domain. The study also attempted to gain an understanding of individual change in student academic achievement through the application of one of the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Black Students, Change
Fan, Xitao; Yin, Ping – 2001
The literature on measurement reliability shows the consensus that group heterogeneity with regard to the trait being measured is a factor that affects the sample measurement reliability, but the degree of such effect is not entirely clear. Sample performance also has the potential to affect measurement reliability because of its effect on the…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Measurement Techniques, Reliability, Sample Size
Abedi, Jamal; Leon, Seth; Mirocha, Jim – 2001
The concurrent validity of standardized achievement tests (the Stanford 9 and the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills) was examined using data from different school districts nationwide and a latent variable modeling approach. Items in the standardized achievement tests in several content areas were divided into parcels. Parcel scores were used to create…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Correlation, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language)
Abedi, Jamal – 2001
Validity and reliability issues in standardized testing of students of limited English proficiency (LEP) were studied. Existing data from four different school sites were obtained for LEP and non-LEP students for three different standardized tests, the Stanford Achievement Tests (Ninth edition), the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills, and the Language…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Correlation, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language)
Meloy, Linda L.; Deville, Craig; Frisbie, David – 2000
The effect of the Read Aloud accommodation on the performances of learning disabled in reading (LD-R) and non-learning disabled (non LD) middle school students was studied using selected texts from the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) achievement battery. Science, Usage and Expression, Math Problem Solving and Data Interpretation, and Reading…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Mathematics, Middle School Students, Middle Schools
Huesman, Ronald L., Jr.; Frisbie, David A. – 2000
This study investigated the effect of extended-time limits in terms of performance levels and score comparability for reading comprehension scores on the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS). The first part of the study compared the average reading comprehension scores on the ITBS of 61 sixth-graders with learning disabilities and 397 non learning…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Grade 6, Intermediate Grades, Learning Disabilities
Perkhounkova, Yelena; Koehly, Laura M.; Dunbar, Stephen B. – 2000
This study was conducted to investigate the dimensionality of language tests by means of latent variable models for categorical data. It differs from previous studies by conducting the analysis at the level of the original items using the structural modeling approach of B. Muthen (1984) for dichotomous and ordered polytomous variables. In this…
Descriptors: Goodness of Fit, Junior High School Students, Junior High Schools, Language Proficiency
Perlman, Carole; And Others – 1996
Eighty-five fourth- and eighth-grade learning disabled students whose individualized education plans specified untimed achievement testing were tested with the Reading Comprehension subtest of the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills, either according to the publisher's 40-minute time limit or with an extended time limit of 2 hours, 30 minutes. Results were…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
Pinkham, Andrea K.; Ansley, Timothy N. – 1996
The usefulness of the Iowa Algebra Aptitude Test (IAAT) as a predictor of student achievement in secondary mathematics courses was studied. Subjects were 977 students from 7 Iowa schools in grades 6 through 9. Data collected included their IAAT scores and Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS) mathematics skills test scores, as well as data about…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Correlation, Elementary School Students, Grades (Scholastic)
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