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Showing 1 to 15 of 46 results Save | Export
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Oyono, Lilly Tchoungui; Pascoe, Michelle; Singh, Shajila – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of speech and language disorders in French-speaking preschool-age children in Yaoundé, the capital city of Cameroon. Method: A total of 460 participants aged 3-5 years were recruited from the 7 communes of Yaoundé using a 2-stage cluster sampling method. Speech and language…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Incidence, Speech Impairments, Foreign Countries
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Croake, Daniel J.; Andreatta, Richard D.; Stemple, Joseph C. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to quantify the interactions of the 3 vocalization subsystems of respiration, phonation, and resonance before, during, and after a perturbation to the larynx (temporarily induced unilateral vocal fold paralysis) in 10 vocally healthy participants. Using dynamic systems theory as a guide, we hypothesized that…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Voice Disorders, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Hypothesis Testing
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Esch, Barbara E.; Forbes, Heather J. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
The open-source "Journal of Speech and Language Pathology-Applied Behavior Analysis" ("JSLP-ABA") was published online from 2006 to 2010. We present an annotated bibliography of 80 articles published in the now-defunct journal with the aim of representing its scholarly content to readers of "The Analysis of Verbal…
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Speech Language Pathology, Behavior Modification, Verbal Communication
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Fernandes, Fernanda, Ed. – IntechOpen, 2017
Speech-language pathology has different practice and research histories, standards, methods, and challenges in different countries and regions. Awareness of these different realities may contribute to the scientific development of the field and improve the services delivered to different populations. Sharing solutions to similar problems in…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Therapy, Evaluation, Aphasia
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Ward, Elizabeth C.; Jarman, Leigh; Cornwell, Petrea L.; Amsters, Delena I. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2016
Background: Post-spinal cord injury (SCI), individuals may exhibit mild to moderate impairments in aspects of speech influenced by impaired respiratory support. However, limited research has been conducted into the impact of these impairments on activity and participation when living in the community. Aims: To examine the nature and extent of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Communication Disorders, Injuries, Human Body
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Kreisler, Alexandre; Vepraet, Anne Caroline; Veit, Solène; Pennel-Ployart, Odile; Béhal, Hélène; Duhamel, Alain; Destée, Alain – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2016
Purpose: To better define the clinical characteristics of idiopathic oromandibular dystonia, we studied voice, speech, and swallowing disorders and their impact on activities of daily living. Method: Fourteen consecutive patients with idiopathic oromandibular dystonia and 14 matched, healthy control subjects were included in the study. Results:…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Motor Reactions, Human Body, Phonemes
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Alaraifi, Jehad Ahmad; Amayreh, Mousa Mohammad; Saleh, Mohammad Yusef – College Student Journal, 2014
Problem: There are no available studies on the prevalence, and distribution of speech disorders among Arabic speaking undergraduate students in Jordan. Method: A convenience sample of 400 undergraduate students at the University of Jordan was screened for speech disorders. Two spontaneous speech samples and an oral reading of a passage were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Speech Impairments, Semitic Languages, Undergraduate Students
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Lester, Rosemary A.; Story, Brad H. – American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation of respiratory forced oscillation to the acoustic characteristics of vocal tremor. Method: Acoustical analyses were performed to determine the characteristics of the intensity and fundamental frequency (F[subscript 0]) for speech samples obtained by Farinella, Hixon, Hoit, Story,…
Descriptors: Acoustics, Anatomy, Speech Impairments, Males
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Conture, Edward G.; Kelly, Ellen M.; Walden, Tedra A. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2013
The purpose of this article is to discuss definitional and measurement issues as well as empirical evidence regarding temperament, especially with regard to children's (a)typical speech and language development. Although all ages are considered, there is a predominant focus on children. Evidence from considerable empirical research lends support…
Descriptors: Personality, Psychological Characteristics, Personality Theories, Measurement
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Vinney, Lisa A.; Grade, John D.; Connor, Nadine P. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2012
The manner in which a communication disorder affects health-related quality of life (QOL) in children is not known. Unfortunately, collection of quality of life data via traditional paper measures is labor intensive and has several other limitations, which hinder the investigation of pediatric quality of life in children. Currently, there is not…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Children, Patients, Quality of Life
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Howard, Sara; Heselwood, Barry – Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 2011
In this article, we discuss the relationship between instrumental and perceptual phonetic analyses. Using data drawn from typical and atypical speech production, we argue that the use of two-tier transcriptions, which can compare and contrast perceptual and instrumental information, is valuable both for our general understanding of the mechanisms…
Descriptors: Phonetic Analysis, Language Research, Speech, Speech Impairments
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Shao, Jun; MacCallum, Julia K.; Zhang, Yu; Sprecher, Alicia; Jiang, Jack J. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2010
Acoustic analysis may provide a useful means to quantitatively characterize the tremulous voice. Signals were obtained from 25 subjects with diagnoses of either Parkinson's disease or vocal polyps exhibiting vocal tremor. These were compared to signals from 24 subjects with normal voices. Signals were analyzed via correlation dimension and several…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Acoustics, Experimental Groups, Diseases
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Van Daele, Douglas J. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2010
Voice and swallowing dysfunction as a result of recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis can be improved with vocal fold injections or laryngeal framework surgery. However, denervation atrophy can cause late-term clinical failure. A major determinant of skeletal muscle physiology is myosin heavy chain (MyHC) expression, and previous protein analyses…
Descriptors: Surgery, Physiology, Genetics, Human Body
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Howell, Susan; Tripoliti, Elina; Pring, Tim – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2009
Background: Speech disorders are a feature of Parkinson's disease, typically worsening as the disease progresses. The Lee Silverman Voice Treatment (LSVT) was developed to address these difficulties. It targets vocal loudness as a means of increasing vocal effort and improving coordination across the subsystems of speech. Aims: Currently LSVT is…
Descriptors: Health Services, Feasibility Studies, Speech Impairments, Diseases
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van Rossum, M. A.; van As-Brooks, C. J.; Hilgers, F. J. M.; Roozen, M. – Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 2009
Glottal stops are conveyed by an abrupt constriction at the level of the glottis. Tracheoesophageal (TE) speakers are known to have poor control over the new voice source (neoglottis), and this might influence the production of "glottal" stops. This study investigated how TE speakers realized "glottal" stops in abutting words…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Acoustics, Speech Impairments, Voice Disorders
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