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Conture, Edward G.; Kelly, Ellen M.; Walden, Tedra A. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2013
The purpose of this article is to discuss definitional and measurement issues as well as empirical evidence regarding temperament, especially with regard to children's (a)typical speech and language development. Although all ages are considered, there is a predominant focus on children. Evidence from considerable empirical research lends support…
Descriptors: Personality, Psychological Characteristics, Personality Theories, Measurement
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Cutiva, Lady Catherine Cantor; Vogel, Ineke; Burdorf, Alex – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2013
Purpose: To provide a quantitative assessment of the occurrence of voice disorders among teachers and to identify associated work-related and individual factors in the teaching profession. Method: A systematic review was conducted using three computerized databases on the occurrence of voice disorders among teachers and their associations with…
Descriptors: Teachers, Disabilities, Voice Disorders, Incidence
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Franca, Maria Claudia – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2013
Purpose: This investigation compared voice performance of student teachers across an academic semester in order to examine the effect of increasing demands on their voice. Method: A repeated measures design was applied to the data analysis: all participants were tested three separate times throughout the semester. The equipments used for…
Descriptors: Student Teachers, Comparative Analysis, Acoustics, Voice Disorders
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Bonilha, Heather Shaw; White, Lisa; Kuckhahn, Kelsey; Gerlach, Terri Treman; Deliyski, Dimitar D. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2012
Mucus aggregation on the vocal folds is a common finding from laryngeal endoscopy. Patients with voice disorders report the presence of mucus aggregation. Patients also report that mucus aggregation causes them to clear their throat, a behavior believed to be harmful to vocal fold mucosa. Even though clinicians and patients report and discuss…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Pathology, Comparative Analysis, Diagnostic Tests
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Vinney, Lisa A.; Grade, John D.; Connor, Nadine P. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2012
The manner in which a communication disorder affects health-related quality of life (QOL) in children is not known. Unfortunately, collection of quality of life data via traditional paper measures is labor intensive and has several other limitations, which hinder the investigation of pediatric quality of life in children. Currently, there is not…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Children, Patients, Quality of Life
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Rodriguez-Parra, Maria J.; Adrian, Jose A.; Casado, Juan C. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2011
Purpose: This study evaluates the effectiveness of two different programs of voice-treatment on a heterogeneous group of dysphonic speakers and the stability of therapeutic progress for longterm follow-up post-treatment period, using a limited multidimensional protocol of evaluation. Method: Forty-two participants with voice disorders were…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Hygiene, Interaction, Acoustics
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Johnson, Erin Phinney; Pennington, Bruce F.; Lowenstein, Joanna H.; Nittrouer, Susan – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2011
Research Design;Intervention;Biology;Biotechnology;Teaching Methods;Hands on Science;Professional Development;Comparative Analysis;Genetics;Evaluation;Pretests Posttests;Control Groups;Science Education;Science Instruction;Pedagogical Content Knowledge;
Descriptors: Sentences, Cues, Written Language, Economically Disadvantaged
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Spielman, Jennifer; Mahler, Leslie; Halpern, Angela; Gilley, Phllip; Klepitskaya, Olga; Ramig, Lorraine – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2011
Purpose: Intensive voice therapy (LSVT[R]LOUD) can effectively manage voice and speech symptoms associated with idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). This small-group study evaluated voice and speech in individuals with and without deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) before and after LSVT LOUD, to determine whether outcomes…
Descriptors: Stimulation, Articulation (Speech), Voice Disorders, Diseases
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Shao, Jun; MacCallum, Julia K.; Zhang, Yu; Sprecher, Alicia; Jiang, Jack J. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2010
Acoustic analysis may provide a useful means to quantitatively characterize the tremulous voice. Signals were obtained from 25 subjects with diagnoses of either Parkinson's disease or vocal polyps exhibiting vocal tremor. These were compared to signals from 24 subjects with normal voices. Signals were analyzed via correlation dimension and several…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Acoustics, Experimental Groups, Diseases
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Van Daele, Douglas J. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2010
Voice and swallowing dysfunction as a result of recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis can be improved with vocal fold injections or laryngeal framework surgery. However, denervation atrophy can cause late-term clinical failure. A major determinant of skeletal muscle physiology is myosin heavy chain (MyHC) expression, and previous protein analyses…
Descriptors: Surgery, Physiology, Genetics, Human Body
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Bohnenkamp, Todd A.; Stowell, Talena; Hesse, Joy; Wright, Simon – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2010
Speakers who use an electrolarynx following a total laryngectomy no longer require pulmonary support for speech. Subsequently, chest wall movements may be affected; however, chest wall movements in these speakers are not well defined. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate speech breathing in speakers who use an electrolarynx during…
Descriptors: Speech, Anatomy, Assistive Technology, Evaluation
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Maryn, Youri; De Bodt, Marc; Roy, Nelson – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2010
Voice practitioners require an objective index of dysphonia severity as a means to reliably track treatment outcomes. To ensure ecological validity however, such a measure should survey both sustained vowels and continuous speech. In an earlier study, a multivariate acoustic model referred to as the Acoustic Voice Quality Index (AVQI), consisting…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Vowels, Outcomes of Treatment, Validity
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Roy, Nelson; Nissen, Shawn L.; Dromey, Christopher; Sapir, Shimon – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2009
In a preliminary study, we documented significant changes in formant transitions associated with successful manual circumlaryngeal treatment (MCT) of muscle tension dysphonia (MTD), suggesting improvement in speech articulation. The present study explores further the effects of MTD on vowel articulation by means of additional vowel acoustic…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Articulation (Speech), Vowels, Change
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Bellandese, Mary H. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a relationship between fundamental frequency (Fo) and gender identification in standard esophageal (ES) or tracheoesophageal (TE) speakers. Twenty-three male and 20 female ES and TE speakers participated in this study. Recordings of these speakers reading the Rainbow Passage were played to 48…
Descriptors: Identification, Gender Differences, Voice Disorders, Acoustics
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Sudhir, Paulomi M.; Chandra, Prabha S.; Shivashankar, N.; Yamini, B. K. – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2009
Psychogenic dysphonia refers to the loss of voice, in the absence of apparent structural or neurological pathology. It is a disorder seen more often in women and is usually associated with significant life events and emotional difficulties that may lead to conflict over speaking. Therapeutic interventions in voice disorders recommend the adoption…
Descriptors: Voice Disorders, Interdisciplinary Approach, Pathology, Therapy
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