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Visu-Petra, Laura; Cheie, Lavinia; Câmpan, Maria; Scutelnicu, Ioana; Benga, Oana – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The present study aimed to investigate early interrelationships between temperament, short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM), while also relating them to incipient anxious traits in a sample of 4-7-year-olds. Preschoolers were evaluated using verbal and visuospatial STM and WM tasks, while parental reports were used to assess children's…
Descriptors: Personality, Short Term Memory, Preschool Children, Foreign Countries
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Daniels, Peter T.; Share, David L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Most current theories of reading and dyslexia derive from a relatively narrow empirical base: research on English and a handful of other European alphabets. Furthermore, the two dominant theoretical frameworks for describing cross-script diversity--orthographic depth and psycholinguistic grain size theory--are also deeply entrenched in Anglophone…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Writing (Composition), English, Alphabets
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Liu, Han-Chin – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2018
Multimedia students' dependence on information from the outside world can have an impact on their ability to identify and locate information from multiple resources in learning environments and thereby affect the construction of mental models. Field dependence-independence has been used to assess the ability to extract essential information from…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Multimedia Instruction, Visual Perception, Eye Movements
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Chung, Kevin Kien Hoa; Lam, Chun Bun; Cheung, Ka Chun – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
This cross-sectional study examined the associations of visuomotor integration and executive functioning with Chinese word reading and writing in kindergarten children. A total of 369 Chinese children (mean age = 57.99 months; 55% of them were girls) from Hong Kong, China, completed tasks on visuomotor integration, executive functioning, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Chinese, Visual Perception
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Chen, Wenfeng; Ren, Naixin; Young, Andrew W.; Liu, Chang Hong – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
The composite face paradigm (Young, Hellawell, & Hay, 1987) is widely used to demonstrate holistic perception of faces (Rossion, 2013). In the paradigm, parts from different faces (usually the top and bottom halves) are recombined. The principal criterion for holistic perception is that responses involving the component parts of composites in…
Descriptors: Human Body, Visual Stimuli, Responses, Gender Differences
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Berry, Ed D. J.; Waterman, Amanda H.; Baddeley, Alan D.; Hitch, Graham J.; Allen, Richard J. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Recent research has demonstrated that, when instructed to prioritize a serial position in visual working memory (WM), adults are able to boost performance for this selected item, at a cost to nonprioritized items (e.g., Hu, Hitch, Baddeley, Zhang, & Allen, 2014). While executive control appears to play an important role in this ability, the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Children, Individual Differences
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Köksal Akyol, Aysel – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
This study was conducted to determine whether or not drama education causes any difference in the verbal-linguistic, mathematical-logical, visual-spatial, musical-rhythmic, bodily-kinaesthetic, intrapersonal and interpersonal intelligences of children. The sample group of the study consisted of 46 children (23 children in the experimental group…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Drama, Multiple Intelligences
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Lallier, Marie; Abu Mallouh, Reem; Mohammed, Ahmed M.; Khalifa, Batoul; Perea, Manuel; Carreiras, Manuel – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
It is unclear whether the association between the visual attention (VA) span and reading differs across languages. Here we studied this relationship in Arabic, where the use of specific reading strategies depends on the amount of diacritics on words: reading vowelized and nonvowelized Arabic scripts favor sublexical and lexical strategies,…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention Span, Reading Strategies, Semitic Languages
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Capio, C. M.; Mak, T. C. T.; Tse, M. A.; Masters, R. S. W. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Conclusive evidence supports the importance of fundamental movement skills (FMS) proficiency in promoting physical activity and countering obesity. In children with Down Syndrome (DS), FMS development is delayed, which has been suggested to be associated with balance deficits. This study therefore examined the relationship between FMS…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Children, Psychomotor Skills, Physical Disabilities
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Antzaka, Alexia; Martin, Clara; Caffarra, Sendy; Schlöffel, Sophie; Carreiras, Manuel; Lallier, Marie – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
The present study investigated whether orthographic depth can increase the bias towards multi-letter processing in two reading-related skills: visual attention span (VAS) and rapid automatized naming (RAN). VAS (i.e., the number of visual elements that can be processed at once in a multi-element array) was tested with a visual 1-back task and RAN…
Descriptors: Orthographic Symbols, Alphabets, Reading Skills, Visual Perception
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Hochhauser, Michal; Aran, Adi; Grynszpan, Ouriel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Visual attention of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was assessed using a change blindness paradigm. Twenty-five adolescents with ASD aged 12-18 years and 25 matched typically developing (TD) adolescents viewed 36 pairs of digitized real-world images. Each pair of images was displayed in a "flicker paradigm" whereby a…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Visual Perception
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Barone, Diane; Barone, Rebecca – Reading Teacher, 2017
Fifth graders interpreted the book "Doll Bones" by Holly Black through visual representations from the beginning to the end of the book. Each visual representation was analyzed to determine how students responded. Most frequently, they moved to inferential ways of understanding. Students often visually interpreted emotional plot elements…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Inferences, Visual Perception, Semiotics
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Boone, Alexander P.; Hegarty, Mary – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The paper-and-pencil Mental Rotation Test (Vandenberg & Kuse, 1978) consistently produces large sex differences favoring men (Voyer, Voyer, & Bryden, 1995). In this task, participants select 2 of 4 answer choices that are rotations of a probe stimulus. Incorrect choices (i.e., foils) are either mirror reflections of the probe or…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability, Cognitive Tests
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Zhao, Mintao; Bülthoff, Isabelle – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Humans' face ability develops and matures with extensive experience in perceiving, recognizing, and interacting with faces that move most of the time. However, how facial movements affect 1 core aspect of face ability--holistic face processing--remains unclear. Here we investigated the influence of rigid facial motion on holistic and part-based…
Descriptors: Human Body, Visual Perception, Motion, Holistic Approach
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Pi, Z.; Hong, J.; Yang, J. – Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 2017
One of the most commonly used forms of video lectures is a combination of an instructor's image and accompanying lecture slides as a picture-in-picture. As the image size of the instructor varies significantly across video lectures, and so do the learning outcomes associated with this technology, the influence of the instructor's image size should…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students, Visual Perception, College Faculty
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