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Ackerman, Kera B.; Samudre, Mark; Allday, R. Allan – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2020
When a student exhibits challenging classroom behaviors that are resistant to traditional classroom management systems, his/her individualized education program (IEP) team conducts a functional behavior assessment (FBA). The FBA process is a series of assessments designed to identify the function of the student's behavior. This is done by…
Descriptors: Token Economy, Behavior Modification, Reinforcement, Student Behavior
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Helton, Maria R.; Alber-Morgan, Sheila R. – Young Exceptional Children, 2020
Early elementary inclusive classrooms present teachers with demanding responsibilities. The wide range of student backgrounds, ability levels, and previous school experiences require a well-managed classroom that maximizes instructional time. Teachers reported spending more time addressing disruptive behaviors than they thought they should. One…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Inclusion, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers
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Rivera, Christopher J. – College Teaching, 2019
Encouraging engagement and collaboration amongst students can sometimes be difficult in university classrooms. Merging current technologies as a platform to incorporate collaborative practices and increasing desired student behaviors could be beneficial. The purpose of this manuscript is to share how a Web application, ClassDojo (2018), was used…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Undergraduate Students
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Patel, Rutvi R.; Normand, Matthew P.; Kohn, Carolynn S. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2019
We combined several single-subject designs to assess the effects of contingent and noncontingent token reinforcement on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) exhibited by 4 preschool-aged children. Higher overall levels and longer bouts of MVPA reliably occurred when tokens were delivered contingent on MVPA for 3 of the 4 children when…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Preschool Children, Token Economy, Contingency Management
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Lambert, Joseph M.; Parikh, Naomi; Stankiewicz, Kristen C.; Houchins-Juarez, Nealetta J.; Morales, Vivian A.; Sweeney, Erin M.; Milam, Molly E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Challenging behaviors involving food are common for individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and often lead to obesity and other chronic health conditions. Efforts to decrease these behaviors, such as isolation during meals and strict monitoring of food consumption, can be stigmatizing. To decrease the food stealing of a 7 year-old girl with…
Descriptors: Food, Behavior Problems, Genetic Disorders, Developmental Disabilities
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Desbrow, Darlene – Journal of the American Academy of Special Education Professionals, 2019
Many teachers are concerned about their ability to work effectively with students who have a diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The purpose of this quantitative descriptive study was to determine the perceived efficacy of common interventions used to address negative ADHD behaviors in the elementary and middle school…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Teacher Attitudes, Self Efficacy
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Hirsch, Shanna E.; Ennis, Robin Parks; Driver, Melissa K. – Beyond Behavior, 2018
Many students with and/or at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders have academic deficits that affect their performance in mathematics. In addition, these students' behavioral issues may interfere with their academic achievement. For these students, it makes sense for teachers to consider implementing research- and/or evidence-based…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Teachers
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White, Jacie; Caniglia, Cynthia; McLaughlin, T. F.; Bianco, LeAnn – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2018
One of the many challenges that children with learning disabilities (LD) experience, apart from academics, is severe deficits in the areas of social skills and peer relations. The learning of social skills and appropriate ways to interact with peers are crucial for school-aged children with learning disabilities. Without these skills, it can be…
Descriptors: Token Economy, Peer Relationship, Middle School Students, Learning Disabilities
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Leidig, Tatjana; Grünke, Matthias; Urton, Karolina; Knaak, Turid; Hisgen, Susanne – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2018
Children who do not adequately master the transition from "learning to read" (LTR) to "reading to learn" (RTL) will clearly fall behind in every subject area during their secondary education. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a simple reading comprehension strategy developed by Schumaker, Denton, and Deshler…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Peer Teaching, Tutoring
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Homer, Ryan; Hew, Khe Foon; Tan, Cheng Yong – Educational Technology & Society, 2018
This paper reports the findings of a field experiment that gamified the classroom experience of elementary school ESL students by implementing digital badges-and-points which students could earn by achieving specific behavioral and learning goals. Altogether, 120 children in eight different classes participated in this study. Four of the classes…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Recognition (Achievement), Educational Games
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Almeida, Daniel A.; Allen, Ronald; Maguire, Russell W.; Maguire, Kaitlin – Journal of Behavioral Education, 2018
A forced-choice preference assessment using pictures and no access upon selection was used to determine preferences for community-based activities with 4 young adults with autism and intellectual disability. High- and low-preference activities were then provided as delayed consequences, using a token economy, for completion of vocational tasks in…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intellectual Disability
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Beam, Heather D.; Mueller, Tracy Gershwin – Preventing School Failure, 2017
As we attempt to address the needs of students with challenging behaviors in today's classrooms, it is important to gain an understanding of general and special educators' knowledge, skills, and confidence about evidence-based behavior interventions. This article presents a national survey study of 277 special and general educators' reported…
Descriptors: Regular and Special Education Relationship, National Surveys, Special Education, Special Education Teachers
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Krach, S. Kathleen; McCreery, Michael P.; Wilcox, Raven; Focaracci, Shannon D. – Intervention in School and Clinic, 2017
Teachers commonly use behavioral logs as a primary method for controlling classroom behavior, but frequently they are using these logs incorrectly. For this reason, this article provides specific information on how to correctly use behavioral logs for techniques such as check-in/check-out, behavioral report cards, and token economies. Each of…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Diaries, Student Behavior, Behavior Problems
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Romani, Patrick W.; Alcorn, Aimee S.; Miller, Jonathan R.; Clark, Gwendolyn – Journal of Behavioral Education, 2017
The purpose of the current two-experiment study was to examine the use of a preference assessment for dimensions of reinforcement to inform an effective token economy arrangement. Three participants diagnosed with developmental disabilities who engaged in negatively reinforced problem behavior participated in this study. During Experiment 1, a…
Descriptors: Token Economy, Behavior Problems, Developmental Disabilities, Negative Reinforcement
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Robacker, Cassie M.; Rivera, Christopher J.; Warren, Sandra H. – Intervention in School and Clinic, 2016
Students with behavioral and emotional disabilities spend less time on academic instruction due to their behavioral disruptions, contributing to the academic difficulties these students face. Classroom management strategies, in the form of positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS), incorporate principles of applied behavior analysis to…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Positive Reinforcement, Positive Behavior Supports, Token Economy
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