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Leerkes, Esther M.; Bailes, Lauren G.; Augustine, Mairin E. – Developmental Psychology, 2020
We examined the extent to which new mothers' recollections of their mothers' emotion socialization practices during childhood predict sensitive/supportive responses to their own toddlers in distressing situations both directly and indirectly via effects on mothers' social information processing about infant cry signals. Mothers' adult attachment…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Socialization
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d'Apice, Katrina; von Stumm, Sophie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Children's language and cognitive development are informed by adult spoken language and parental literacy behaviors, although their relative contributions have not been evaluated. Using digital audio-recorders, we unobtrusively observed the spoken language of 107 children, aged 24 to 48 months (M = 32, SD = 6.5), and their families over 3 days (M…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Acquisition, Cognitive Development, Parent Influence
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Ruba, Ashley L.; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Repacholi, Betty M. – Developmental Psychology, 2020
Accurate perception of emotional (facial) expressions is an essential social skill. It is currently debated whether emotion categorization in infancy emerges in a "broad-to-narrow" pattern and the degree to which language influences this process. We used an habituation paradigm to explore (a) whether 14- and 18-month-old infants perceive…
Descriptors: Infants, Nonverbal Communication, Emotional Response, Toddlers
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Carbajal, M. Julia; Chartofylaka, Lamprini; Hamilton, Mollie; Fiévet, Anne-Caroline; Peperkamp, Sharon – Language Learning and Development, 2020
We investigate bilingual children's perception of assimilations, i.e. phonological rules by which a consonant at a word edge adopts a phonological feature of a neighboring consonant. For instance, English has place assimilation (e.g., "green" is pronounced with a final [m] in "green pen"), while French has voicing assimilation…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Word Recognition, Video Games, Toddlers
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Davies, Benjamin; Xu Rattanasone, Nan; Demuth, Katherine – Language Learning and Development, 2020
English-speaking children use plural morphology from around the age of 2, yet often omit the syllabic plural allomorph /-[schwa]z/ until age 5 (e.g., "bus(es)"). It is not clear if this protracted acquisition is due to articulatory difficulties, low input frequency, or fricative-final words (e.g., "bus," "nose") being…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Morphology (Languages), Linguistic Input, Phonology
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Jung, Jongmin; Houston, Derek – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: The study sought to determine whether the onset of canonical vocalizations in children with cochlear implants (CIs) is related to speech perception skills and spoken vocabulary size at 24 months postactivation. Method: The vocal development in 13 young CI recipients (implanted by their third birthdays; mean age at activation = 20.62…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Assistive Technology, Speech Communication, Oral Language
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Sandvik, Ninni – Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 2020
This article takes a discrepancy between experienced pedagogical and childish life orientations as a point of entry and speculates about loosening play from its organised position as form and instead looking at play as processes. Accordingly, the speculative focus of the article is on how different orientations might come into existence within an…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Play, Philosophy, Learning Processes
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Vollman, Elayne; Richland, Lindsey – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
We examine the contributions of the environmental context on cognitive development in a representative sample of children (24-59 month-olds) in Nicaragua. Multivariate regression models revealed that children who experienced high levels of structure in the home, encountered more social interaction, and were enrolled in early education programs,…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Toddlers, Preschool Children, Family Environment
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Ribeiro, Luisa A.; Casey, Beth; Dearing, Eric; Nordahl, Kristin Berg; Aguiar, Cecília; Zachrisson, Henrik – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
The aim of this study is to investigate whether maternal spatial support during two types of joint manipulative toy play tasks with 2-year-old children was longitudinally associated with math screening test scores in second grade. The interaction between spatial support and maternal education was explored as well. We also investigated predictions…
Descriptors: Mothers, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Play
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Bedard, Chloe; Bremer, Emily; Cairney, John – Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 2020
Background: The Move 2 Learn (M2L) program is an evidence-based intervention designed to improve movement and pre-literacy skills in children ages 1.5-6 years. Purpose: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention as delivered by non-experts in a community-based setting. Methods: Staff from four…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Program Effectiveness, Movement Education, Intervention
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Ben-Itzchak, Esther; Zachor, Ditza A. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
This prospective study examined the developmental changes over time of adolescents diagnosed in toddlerhood with autism spectrum disorder and searched for child characteristics at toddlerhood that predict outcome at adolescence. The study included 65 participants who were divided into low cognitive (developmental quotient [less than] 85; N = 41)…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Schertz, Hannah H.; Lester, Jessica Nina; Erden, Emine; Safran, Selin; Githens, Penny – Grantee Submission, 2020
In this qualitative study, 11 mothers of toddlers with autism participated in interviews to investigate how they perceived their roles and their competency to support toddlers' social learning in the context of both professional-implemented and parent-mediated early intervention models. The authors conducted a thematic analysis with multiple…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mothers, Parent Attitudes
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Sharrock, Emily; Parkerson, Courtney – Bank Street College of Education, 2020
This report asserts that every child--regardless of race, income, or opportunity--should have consistent access to high-quality learning experiences from birth and provides a roadmap toward change at scale, including the development of residency programs and improved compensation for the infant/toddler workforce.
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Preschool Children, Child Care
Children Now, 2020
California has long been on the cutting edge of social and political change. This trendsetting continues today on issues from addressing climate change to supporting immigrant communities to ensuring equal rights for all. But, when reviewing the grades of this year's California Children's Report Card, it is difficult not to ask the question: why…
Descriptors: Well Being, Health Insurance, Child Health, Accountability
Children Now, 2020
The 2020 Pro-Kid Policy Agenda for California is the comprehensive roadmap at the state level to ensure that all children have the necessary supports to reach their full potential. California has an obligation to tear down the structural barriers to all kids, especially kids of color, from growing up healthy, safe, and ready for college, career,…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, State Policy, Equal Education, Child Health
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