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Kiley, Margaret; Holbrook, Allyson; Lovat, Terence; Fairbairn, Hedy; Starfield, Sue; Paltridge, Brian – Australian Universities' Review, 2018
While there has been considerable research on doctoral examination there is little that examines the various roles of the oral component and what issues one might consider if introducing or revising that aspect of the thesis examination process. This matter is of particular importance in Australia where it is not usual to have an oral component as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Doctoral Dissertations, Evaluation Methods, Verbal Tests
Koretz, Daniel – American Educator, 2018
In "The Testing Charade: Pretending to Make Schools Better", the author's new book from which this article is drawn, the failures of test-based accountability are documented and some of the most egregious misuses and outright abuses of testing are described, along with some of the most serious negative effects. Neither good intentions…
Descriptors: Accountability, Testing, Testing Problems, Test Validity
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Schneider, W. Joel; Roman, Zachary – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
We used data simulations to test whether composites consisting of cohesive subtest scores are more accurate than composites consisting of divergent subtest scores. We demonstrate that when multivariate normality holds, divergent and cohesive scores are equally accurate. Furthermore, excluding divergent scores results in biased estimates of…
Descriptors: Statistical Data, Simulation, Testing, Scores
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Sinharay, Sandip – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2018
Wollack, Cohen, and Eckerly suggested the "erasure detection index" (EDI) to detect fraudulent erasures for individual examinees. Wollack and Eckerly extended the EDI to detect fraudulent erasures at the group level. The EDI at the group level was found to be slightly conservative. This article suggests two modifications of the EDI for…
Descriptors: Deception, Identification, Testing Problems, Cheating
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Yastibas, Ahmet Erdost; Takkaç, Mehmet – Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 2018
Language assessment literacy has become a critical competence for a language teacher to have. Accordingly, there are many studies in the literature which have researched different aspects of language assessment literacy (i.e., language assessment training, professional development and language assessment literacy levels of language teachers).…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Language Teachers, College Faculty, English (Second Language)
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An, Chen; Braun, Henry; Walsh, Mary E. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
Making causal inferences from a quasi-experiment is difficult. Sensitivity analysis approaches to address hidden selection bias thus have gained popularity. This study serves as an introduction to a simple but practical form of sensitivity analysis using Monte Carlo simulation procedures. We examine estimated treatment effects for a school-based…
Descriptors: Statistical Inference, Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Quasiexperimental Design
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Jensen, Joseph N.; Hite, Steven J.; Hite, Julie M.; Randall, E. Vance – NASSP Bulletin, 2017
Standardized testing is an external control mechanism for K-12 public schools. Principals, nested between internal and external influences, must manage the tension created by testing's roles as both an internal improvement tool and as an external control mechanism. Five competing narratives, each shaped by author academic background, significantly…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Public Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Influences
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Forestier, Katherine; Adamson, Bob – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2017
Adopting a comparative perspective to address educational issues in different contexts was a hallmark of Jullien's work in the early-nineteenth century. Different emphases and approaches to comparative education methodology have emerged in recent times thanks to major developments in technology, but have these changes rendered Jullien's ideas…
Descriptors: Criticism, International Assessment, Comparative Education, Comparative Analysis
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Alexander, Mariko Mizuno – Language Policy, 2017
Though previous research addresses the negative impact of state-mandated high school exit exams on English language learners' (ELLs) educational experiences, less attention has been given to how college-oriented ELLs, especially those who attended school in their home countries before coming to the US, handle rigorous exams or gain access to…
Descriptors: High School Students, English Language Learners, Foreign Students, Exit Examinations
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Sharif, Khalid Sharif Mohammed; Siddiek, Ahmed Gumaa – English Language Teaching, 2017
This study emerges from the need of English Language Teachers in Sudan and Jordan to lay appropriate assessment strategies to meet the anticipated educational objectives among the learners of English. It is also hoped to improve language assessment in similar educational environments in the Arab world. We intended to find out the level of…
Descriptors: Critical Thinking, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Slez, Adam; O'Connell, Heather A.; Curtis, Katherine J. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Areal data have been used to good effect in a wide range of sociological research. One of the most persistent problems associated with this type of data, however, is the need to combine data sets with incongruous boundaries. To help address this problem, we introduce a new method for identifying common geographies. We show that identifying common…
Descriptors: Data, Data Processing, Geographic Information Systems, Research Methodology
Sternberg, Robert J. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2017
IQs increased by about 30 points in the 20th century. Part of this increase may have been the result of increased standardized testing because testing improves the skills on which students are tested. But although these practices may increase general intelligence, they may impede the development of creativity and wisdom. As a result, our society…
Descriptors: Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Differences, Academic Achievement, Creativity
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Sinharay, Sandip; Johnson, Matthew S. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2017
In a pioneering research article, Wollack and colleagues suggested the "erasure detection index" (EDI) to detect test tampering. The EDI can be used with or without a continuity correction and is assumed to follow the standard normal distribution under the null hypothesis of no test tampering. When used without a continuity correction,…
Descriptors: Deception, Identification, Testing Problems, Error of Measurement
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Sinharay, Sandip; Duong, Minh Q.; Wood, Scott W. – Journal of Educational Measurement, 2017
As noted by Fremer and Olson, analysis of answer changes is often used to investigate testing irregularities because the analysis is readily performed and has proven its value in practice. Researchers such as Belov, Sinharay and Johnson, van der Linden and Jeon, van der Linden and Lewis, and Wollack, Cohen, and Eckerly have suggested several…
Descriptors: Identification, Statistics, Change, Tests
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Miller, Jeff – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2017
Critics of null hypothesis significance testing suggest that (a) its basic logic is invalid and (b) it addresses a question that is of no interest. In contrast to (a), I argue that the underlying logic of hypothesis testing is actually extremely straightforward and compelling. To substantiate that, I present examples showing that hypothesis…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Testing Problems, Test Validity, Relevance (Education)
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