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Skaggs, Gary; Hein, Serge F.; Wilkins, Jesse L. M. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2020
In test-centered standard-setting methods, borderline performance can be represented by many different profiles of strengths and weaknesses. As a result, asking panelists to estimate item or test performance for a hypothetical group study of borderline examinees, or a typical borderline examinee, may be an extremely difficult task and one that can…
Descriptors: Standard Setting (Scoring), Cutting Scores, Testing Problems, Profiles
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Newton, Paul E. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2020
Educational assessment involves eliciting, transmitting, and receiving information concerning the level of proficiency of a learner in a specified domain. With that in mind, it is perhaps surprising that the literature seems to make very little use of the signal processing metaphor. The present article begins by making a general case for greater…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Student Evaluation, Evaluative Thinking, Test Validity
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Leventhal, Brian C.; Grabovsky, Irina – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2020
Standard setting is arguably one of the most subjective techniques in test development and psychometrics. The decisions when scores are compared to standards, however, are arguably the most consequential outcomes of testing. Providing licensure to practice in a profession has high stake consequences for the public. Denying graduation or forcing…
Descriptors: Standard Setting (Scoring), Weighted Scores, Test Construction, Psychometrics
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Wyse, Adam E.; Babcock, Ben – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2020
A common belief is that the Bookmark method is a cognitively simpler standard-setting method than the modified Angoff method. However, a limited amount of research has investigated panelist's ability to perform well the Bookmark method, and whether some of the challenges panelists face with the Angoff method may also be present in the Bookmark…
Descriptors: Standard Setting (Scoring), Evaluation Methods, Testing Problems, Test Items
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Ali, Md. Maksud; Hamid, M. Obaidul – Language Assessment Quarterly, 2020
This article reports on a study that was carried out to explore the factors that contribute to a negative washback effect on English language teaching (ELT) in secondary schools in Bangladesh. Twelve secondary school teachers were interviewed to understand their perspectives on which factors influenced their pedagogical choices. The interview data…
Descriptors: Testing Problems, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Second Language Learning
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Tan, Charlene – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2020
This article seeks to clarify the purpose of high-stakes exam and its relationship with teaching and learning by elucidating the educational thought of the eminent neo-Confucian thinker Zhu Xi. The paper contends that Zhu Xi views standardised testing as an essential means to evaluate the learning outcomes, honour exemplary scholars and select…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Confucianism, Educational Philosophy, Standardized Tests
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Yu, Chongni – English Language Teaching, 2020
The reform of National College Entrance Examination in Zhejiang Province, China has aroused widespread attention since it was released in 2014. It is notable that new English writing test types were adopted in the English subtest. The continuation task and summary writing become a challenge as well as a promoter for English writing teaching and…
Descriptors: Testing Problems, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Ibrahim, A. A.; Bello, U. – English Language Teaching, 2020
The study investigates the washback effect of WAEC [West African Examination Council]/SSCE [Senior Secondary Certificate Examination] English Test of Orals on Teachers Methodology. The method used in this research is a mixed method employing survey and case study strategies. Questionnaire and semi-structured interview were used to collect data. 32…
Descriptors: Testing Problems, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language Tests
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Palmieri, Marco – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
The researcher, who pretests a questionnaire conventionally, is confident that a small number of interviews reveals numerous problems afflict the questionnaire. The standardized interviewer is asked to observe respondent's verbal behaviors in order to realize whether respondent misunderstands question. But this strategy fails when respondent does…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Pretesting, Testing Problems, Interviews
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Pedersen, Sofie; Hobye, Mads – Education Sciences, 2020
Employing student-driven project work in a higher education setting challenges not only the way in which we understand students' learning and how we define the expected learning outcomes, it also challenges our ways of assessing students' learning. This paper will address this question specifically and illustrate with a case that highlights some…
Descriptors: Student Projects, Problem Based Learning, Interdisciplinary Approach, Grading
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Hill, Laura G. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2020
Retrospective pretests ask respondents to report after an intervention on their aptitudes, knowledge, or beliefs before the intervention. A primary reason to administer a retrospective pretest is that in some situations, program participants may over the course of an intervention revise or recalibrate their prior understanding of program content,…
Descriptors: Pretesting, Response Style (Tests), Bias, Testing Problems
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Brocato, Nicole; Hix, Laura; Jayawickreme, Eranda – Journal of Moral Education, 2020
University settings present a unique opportunity for young adults to develop characteristics constitutive of wisdom. One challenge for educators working to support this development involves effectively measuring these characteristics. In this article, we present results from a secondary analysis of cognitive interviews to examine challenges that…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Young Adults, Personality, Individual Characteristics
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Swartwood, Jason – Journal of Moral Education, 2020
Wisdom, long a topic of interest to moral philosophers, is increasingly the focus of social science research. Philosophers have historically been concerned to develop a rationally defensible account of the nature of wisdom and its role in the moral life, often inspired in various ways by virtue theoretical accounts of practical wisdom…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Individual Characteristics, Philosophy, Ethics
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Diao, Hongyu; Keller, Lisa – Applied Measurement in Education, 2020
Examinees who attempt the same test multiple times are often referred to as "repeaters." Previous studies suggested that repeaters should be excluded from the total sample before equating because repeater groups are distinguishable from non-repeater groups. In addition, repeaters might memorize anchor items, causing item drift under a…
Descriptors: Licensing Examinations (Professions), College Entrance Examinations, Repetition, Testing Problems
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Abbakumov, Dmitry; Desmet, Piet; Van den Noortgate, Wim – Applied Measurement in Education, 2020
Formative assessments are an important component of massive open online courses (MOOCs), online courses with open access and unlimited student participation. Accurate conclusions on students' proficiency via formative, however, face several challenges: (a) students are typically allowed to make several attempts; and (b) student performance might…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Formative Evaluation, Online Courses, Response Style (Tests)
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