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Hahn, Carole L. – 1988
Controversial issues and their effect on students is the focus of this paper, which includes results of research on the influences of media and family. Discussions of controversial issues in an open classroom environment affects student attitudes by promoting: (1) less cynicism about government and politicians; (2) a belief that citizens have…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Patterns, Citizenship Education, Controversial Issues (Course Content)
Selnow, Gary W.; Reynolds, Hal – 1984
Interviews were conducted with 184 sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students to determine patterns of pastime activities that stand as alternatives to television viewing. In the first portion of the 35-minute interview, respondents were presented with a current daily television listing and asked to indicate which programs they normally watched. To…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Elementary Education, Grade 6, Grade 7
McDonald, Daniel G.; Schechter, Russell – 1986
A study suggested that audience feedback plays a central role in determining the types of television programs shown on the air and that two major ways series are adopted are through imitation of popular series and through a gradual, evolutionary process. Through an analysis of the prevalence of programs in six genres, these hypotheses were…
Descriptors: Audiences, Broadcast Industry, Feedback, Networks
Caron, Andre H.; And Others – 1982
Seven countries--Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, France, Hungary, Italy, and Japan--participated in a comparative study of television programing and audiences. Four statistical indicators--structure of programs broadcast, availability of programing, potential viewing and actual viewing--were used to analyze over 25 categories of programing, which for…
Descriptors: Audiences, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
DeJesus, Ora M. – 1988
Unlike commercial television, whose portrayal of older adults is often negative or degrading, cable television could offer an opportunity for more positive programming directed at older adults. Those who are interested in the portrayal of older adults and aging on television should seek control of the medium available to them, i.e., local cable…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Cable Television, Commercial Television, Older Adults
St. Peters, Michelle; And Others – 1988
This study investigated several questions concerning the amount of viewing and types of programs children and parents watch alone and together. Patterns of children's viewing with and without parents were examined, as well as how parent-child coviewing affects individual family members' viewing. Children 3 to 5 and 5 to 7 years old, and their…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Longitudinal Studies, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship
Fry, Donald L.; McCain, Thomas A. – 1980
A telephone survey of 337 parents was conducted to determine (1) the television viewing rules parents have for regulating their children's use of television, (2) the media use and social indicators that account for variance in family television viewing rules, and (3) the relationship between family communication patterns and family television…
Descriptors: Discipline, Family Life, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence
Dates, Jannette Lake – 1980
This study conducted with eleventh graders in the Baltimore City Public Schools was based on a correlational survey which explored the relationship between viewer perceptions of black television characters, race, racial attitudes, and viewing frequency. One questionnaire measured viewing frequency, the viewer's perceptions of eight black and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Black Stereotypes, Commercial Television, High School Students
Graves, Sherryl B. – 1976
While it may not be possible to change the content of television, it may be possible to modify its effects on children by making them more critical viewers. The objectives of this project are threefold: to identify processes children use, or can be taught to use, to discriminate the applicability to their own lives of varieties of television…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Childhood Attitudes, Children, Commercial Television
Leifer, Aimee D. – 1976
In an effort to identify critical evaluation skills, interview information is analyzed looking at four types of differences: differences between age groups, differences between children who did and did not change their attitudes after viewing an entertainment program, differences among those who ascribed varying degrees of credibility to…
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Childhood Attitudes, Children, Commercial Television
Gantz, Walter; Kowalewski, Paul – 1979
Telephone interviews were conducted with 308 adults in a large eastern metropolitan area as part of a study to discover levels of satisfaction with present television programing; awareness of and exposure to religious broadcasts; motivations for exposure to "The 700 Club," a nationally syndicated religious program; and potential utilization of…
Descriptors: Christianity, Mass Media, Programing (Broadcast), Public Opinion
Jeffres, Leo W. – 1976
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the introduction of cable television into a small Minnesota community, focusing on changes in viewing patterns and motives for watching. One hundred seventy-two individuals were contacted with a mail questionnaire: 34 completed an initial TV viewing log in which they kept track of their…
Descriptors: Cable Television, Interest Research, Interests, Motivation
Greenberg, Bradley S.; McDermott, Steven T. – 1977
One of Detroit's two black-owned and -operated television stations began broadcasting in October, 1975, as an independent, nonnetwork-affiliated channel. The diffusion theory of Rogers and Shoemaker, which assumes that adoption of an innovation is affected by the potential adopter's perception of the innovation's attributes, was applied in a…
Descriptors: Audiences, Black Community, Blacks, Broadcast Television
Williams, Sally; Crane, Valerie – 1975
From birth to age 18, the average child spends more time watching television than in the classroom. During the developmental years when the boundaries between fantasy and reality are not clear, a child is exposed to massive doses of violence and killing. Sex roles and stereotypes are also given a lot of air time. By not placing the child in an…
Descriptors: Audiences, Bibliographies, Child Psychology, Commercial Television
Browne, Donald R. – 1974
Most of the literature on communication satellites deals with the technological, legal, and political problems of international communication. Few writers have considered what sorts of programing the international audiences might wish to receive or would watch. Several sources of evidence suggest what the choices might be if the entire world is…
Descriptors: Audiences, Communications, Communications Satellites, Higher Education
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